Stenochlaena tenuifolia (Desv.) T. Moore

Selected images: Click on each image to see a larger version and details of the record View all images (2)

Stenochlaena tenuifolia

Photo: Petra Ballings

Stenochlaena tenuifolia

Photo: Petra Ballings

Detailed records: Display species records QDS maps by: Google Maps Point records by Google Maps

Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Acrostichum tenuifolium (Desv.) Baker
Lomaria meyeriana Kunze
Lomaria tenuifolia Desv.
Lomariobotrys meyeriana (Kunze) Fée
Polybotrya tenuifolia (Desv.) Kuhn
Common names:
Status: Native
Large procumbent or climbing fern, rooting in the ground. Rhizome up to 20 m long and 10-20 mm in diameter, creeping along the ground or ascending trees; rhizome scales sparse, thick, entire, dark brown, awl-shaped, nonpersistent, 1-5 mm long. Fronds dimorphic, up to 3 m long, arching, widely spaced. Stipe 30-60 cm long, pale brown, grooved, glabrous. Sterile lamina imparipinnate, firmly membranous, ovate-oblong in outline, 0.5-2 × 0.2-0.7 m; pinnae about 20 alternate pairs, linear-lanceolate, glabrous, shortly petiolate, apex pointed, base unequally cuneate, margins minutely serrate, 15-35 × 2-3.8 cm. Fertile lamina 2-pinnate or rarely pinnate, usually slightly shoter than the sterile lamina, with 25-30 pairs of lateral pinnae; pinnae petiolate, about 4 cm apart, pinnately divided into very irregular narrowly linear segments, completely covered with sporangia below, sori exindusiate.
Derivation of specific name: tenuis: thin, folia: leaves; slender-leaved referring to the linear pinnae of the fertile frond.
Habitat: Swamp forest along the humid coastal belt of southern Mozambique.
Altitude range: Up to 650 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Cameron, Kenya, Madagascar, Mozambique, Pemba, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zanzibar, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,GI,M
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 336. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 53.

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 726 - 727. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 10.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 471 - 473. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 156.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Pages 105 - 106.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 240 - 242. (Includes a picture).

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 24.

Other sources of information about Stenochlaena tenuifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Stenochlaena tenuifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Stenochlaena tenuifolia
African Plant Database: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Stenochlaena tenuifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Stenochlaena tenuifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Stenochlaena tenuifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Stenochlaena tenuifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
Plants of the World Online: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
Tropicos: Stenochlaena tenuifolia
Wikipedia: Stenochlaena tenuifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Stenochlaena tenuifolia., retrieved 30 November 2023

Site software last modified: 24 September 2019 10:58am
Terms of use