Asplenium anisophyllum Kunze

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Asplenium anisophyllum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Mt. Gorongosa, forest Canda side

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Synonyms: Asplenium anisophyllum Kunze var. microphyllum Kuhn
Asplenium anisophyllum Kunze var. minutidentatum Bonap.
Asplenium chlaenopteron Fée
Asplenium geppii Carruth.
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome erect; rhizome scales pale brown, lanceolate, up to 12 mm; fronds tufted, pinnate, not proliferous. Stipe up to 48 cm long, matt brown, hairless with few scales at base similar to rhizome. Lamina 80 × 30 cm, ovate-elliptic in outline, 10-20 pairs of pinnae, terminal pinnae at the apex of the frond resembling the middle pinnae. Pinnae narrowly lanceolate, asymmetric at the base, glabrous above with a few scales on costae and veins below, margins toothed.  Sori linear, up to 5 mm long, set along the veins at 60° to the costa; indusium entire, opening towards the costa.
Notes: Differs from similar species by not proliferous fronds, toothed margins and dull green fronds.
Derivation of specific name: Aniso-: unequal; -phyllum:  leaf (pinnae): the pinnae basis of this species is assymmetric
Habitat: Shaded areas in evergreen forest; terrestrial, epiphytic or lithophytic.
Altitude range: 200 - 2000 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Sao Tomé, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS
Growth form(s): Epiphyte, lithophyte, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 17 November 2013

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Pages 214 - 216. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 91.

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Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 24.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 337 - 338. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Page 162. (Includes a picture).

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 79.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Pages 170 - 172.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium anisophyllum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asplenium anisophyllum
Flora of Malawi: Asplenium anisophyllum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium anisophyllum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium anisophyllum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Asplenium anisophyllum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Asplenium anisophyllum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Asplenium anisophyllum
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iNaturalist: Asplenium anisophyllum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium anisophyllum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium anisophyllum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium anisophyllum
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium anisophyllum
Tropicos: Asplenium anisophyllum
Wikipedia: Asplenium anisophyllum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Asplenium anisophyllum., retrieved 21 April 2024

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