Asplenium theciferum Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth

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Asplenium theciferum

Photo: Petra Ballings
Forest below unnamed peak North of plateau below Nhandore peak, Mt Gorongosa, forest.

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Synonyms: Asplenium concinnum (Schrad.) Kuhn.
Asplenium theciferum (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Mett. var. concinnum (Schrad.) Schelpe
Asplenium theciferum sensu Sim
Asplenium theciferum (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) Mett. subsp. concinnum (Schrad.) Bonap.
Davallia campyloneura Kunze
Davallia concinna Schrad.
Loxoscape concinnum (Schrad.) T.Moore
Loxoscaphe theciferum (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) T.Moore subsp. concinnum (Schrad.) Pic.Serm.
Loxoscaphe theciferum (Humb., Bonpl. & Kunth) T.Moore var. concinnum (Schrad.) Kuhn
Common names:
Status: Native
Rhizome erect, up to 12 mm in diameter; scales dark brown, lanceolate, margin ciliate, up to 6 mm long. Fronds tufted, not proliferous, fleshy. Stipe up to 13 cm, set with few scales becoming subglabrous with age, narrowly winged. Lamina 9-26 cm × 2.5-6 cm, 2-pinnate to 3-pinnatifid, narrowly oblong-lanceolate to lanceolate in outline. Pinnae glabrous, divided into linear-spathulate lobes, with the costa winged. Rhachis winged. Sori bulbous, oblong to circular, terminal on the apex of the ultimate lobes, each lobe carries a single sorus, indusium entire.
Notes: Confusion with A. rutifolium; A. theciferum has sori born on the tips of the ultimate lobes, a narrowly winged stipe and a thinner rhizome.
Derivation of specific name: -theca: capsule bearing, referring to the terminal structure of the bulbous sorus;
connicum: pretty, elegant, referring to the pleasant look of this fern.
Habitat: Deeply shaded moist evergreen forest. Epiphyte or lithophyte
Altitude range: 200 - 2300 m
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Bioko, Burundi, Cameroon,DRC, Equatorial guinea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Rwanda, South Africa, Eswatini, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Madagascan region
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Epiphyte.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
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Content last updated: Thursday 24 November 2011

Burrows, J.E. (1990). Southern African Ferns and Fern Allies. Frandsen, Sandton. Page 238. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (1993). An annotated check-list of the pteridophytes of Malawi Kirkia 14(1) Page 94.

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 27. as Asplenium theciferum concinnum

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8. As Asplenium theciferum concinnum

Crouch, N.R., Klopper, R.R., Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2011). Ferns of Southern Africa, A comprehensive guide Struik Nature Pages 632 - 633. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 9. As Asplenium theciferum var. concinnum

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 26.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1983). The Ferns and Fern Allies of Southern Africa. Butterworths, Durban and Pretoria. Pages 378 - 379. (Includes a picture).

Kornas, J. (1979). Distribution and ecology of the Pteridophytes in Zambia Polska Akademia Nauk Wydzial II Nauk Biologicznych Pages 103 - 104.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 5.

Roux, J.P. (2001). Conspectus of Southern African Pteridophyta. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report 13 Pages 171 - 172.

Roux, J.P. (2009). Synopsis of the Lycopodiophyta and Pteridophyta of Africa, Madagascar and neighbouring islands Page 98.

Schelpe, E.A.C.L.E. (1970). Pteridophyta Flora Zambesiaca Page 188. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 78.

Other sources of information about Asplenium theciferum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Asplenium theciferum
Flora of Malawi: Asplenium theciferum
Flora of Zambia: Asplenium theciferum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Asplenium theciferum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Asplenium theciferum
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iNaturalist: Asplenium theciferum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Asplenium theciferum
JSTOR Plant Science: Asplenium theciferum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Asplenium theciferum
Plants of the World Online: Asplenium theciferum
Tropicos: Asplenium theciferum
Wikipedia: Asplenium theciferum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Asplenium theciferum., retrieved 24 September 2023

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