Dinebra retroflexa (Vahl) Panz.
var. condensata S.M. Phillips

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Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata

Photo: Sune Holt
Vilankulo, Inhambane, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Catstail vlei grass (English)
Status: Native
Laxly tufted annual grass up to 80 cm tall. Culms usually straggling and ascending from a procumbent base, rarely erect, much branched and often rooting from the nodes. Leaves linear-lanceolate, 5–20 cm long, sharply pointed at the apex. Inflorescence dense, linear, 8–30 cm long, with crowded racemes 1.5–6 mm apart; racemes oblong to cuneate, 0.6–1.6 cm long, ascending when young, reflexing and deciduous when older. Spikelets 1–2-flowered, 5–8 mm long, closely overlapping on a narrowly green-winged rhachis; glumes narrowly elliptic, asymmetric, usually overlapping and obscuring the florets, glandular along the keel; lemmas narrowly ovate, 2–3 mm long, usually appressed-hairy along the lateral nerves and on the lower half of the back.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In seasonally moist or wet soils along rivers, margins of pans and flood plains, in open woodland, grassland and disturbed ground at roadsides.
Altitude range: 460 - 1370 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Caprivi-Nambibia and South Africa (Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal).
Mozambique distribution: T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 2 August 2019

Chapano, C. (2002). A checklist of Zimbabwean grasses Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 16. Pretoria. Page 5.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 13.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 133.

Fish, L., Mashau, A.C., Moeaha, M.J. & Nembudani, M.T. (2015). Identification Guide to Southern African Grasses Strelitzia 36 South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 235.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 129.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 135.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 28. As Dinebra retroflexa

Van Oudtshoorn, F.P. (1992). Grasses of South Africa Briza Publications, South Africa Page 206. As Dinebra retroflexa (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata
Flora of Caprivi: Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata
Flora of Zambia: Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Dinebra retroflexa
African Plant Database: Dinebra retroflexa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Dinebra retroflexa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Dinebra retroflexa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Dinebra retroflexa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Dinebra retroflexa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Dinebra retroflexa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Dinebra retroflexa
iNaturalist: Dinebra retroflexa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Dinebra retroflexa
JSTOR Plant Science: Dinebra retroflexa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Dinebra retroflexa
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Dinebra retroflexa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Dinebra retroflexa
Plants of the World Online: Dinebra retroflexa
Tropicos: Dinebra retroflexa
Wikipedia: Dinebra retroflexa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Dinebra retroflexa var. condensata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=104600, retrieved 2 April 2023

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