Eragrostis macilenta (A. Rich.) Steud.

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Synonyms: Eragrostis decidua Hochst.
Eragrostis dekindtii Pilg.
Eragrostis passa Rendle
Eragrostis pseudonigra Mattei
Poa macilenta A. Rich.
Common names:
Caespitose annual; culms up to 60 cm tall, erect or ascending, branched or unbranched, glabrous at the nodes, eglandular or rarely with glandular patches below the nodes, these sometimes coalescent into a ring; leaf sheaths glabrous or thinly pilose; ligule a line of hairs; leaf laminas 2–20 cm × 2–5 mm, linear, flat, glabrous, eglandular.Panicle 3–35 cm long, ovate-elliptic, untidily diffuse, the spikelets evenly distributed on slender pedicels 2–12 mm long, the primary branches solitary, paired or the lowermost whorled, terminating in a fertile spikelet, glabrous in the axils, eglandular.Spikelets 3–6 × 1–2 mm, oblong, laterally compressed, 5–14-flowered, the lemmas disarticulating from below upwards, the rhachilla persistent; glumes subequal, 1.1–1.5 mm long, reaching ± to the middle of the adjacent lemmas, keeled, lanceolate in profile, smooth or scaberulous, acuminate at the apex; lemmas 1.3–1.6 mm long, keeled, narrowly ovate in profile, membranous with obscure lateral nerves, diverging from the rhachilla at 45°, those in opposite rows not imbricate, the rhachilla visible between them, light green to almost black, smooth or scaberulous, acute at the apex; palea persistent, glabrous on the flanks, the keels slender, wingless, scaberulous; anthers 3, 0.3–0.5 mm long.Caryopsis c. 0.5 mm long, broadly oblong.
Derivation of specific name: macilenta: thin, lean
Habitat: Ruderal
Altitude range: 1500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Arabia, India, tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: T
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Page 130.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 104.

Poilecot, P. (2007). Eragrostis species of Zimbabwe Éditions Quae,Versailles, France Pages 170 - 171. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eragrostis macilenta:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eragrostis macilenta
Flora of Zambia: Eragrostis macilenta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eragrostis macilenta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eragrostis macilenta
African Plant Database: Eragrostis macilenta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eragrostis macilenta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eragrostis macilenta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eragrostis macilenta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eragrostis macilenta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eragrostis macilenta
JSTOR Plant Science: Eragrostis macilenta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eragrostis macilenta
Plants of the World Online: Eragrostis macilenta
Tropicos: Eragrostis macilenta
Wikipedia: Eragrostis macilenta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eragrostis macilenta., retrieved 19 June 2024

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