Microchloa caffra Nees

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Common names:
Densely caespitose perennial usually forming dense tufts; culms up to 70 cm tall, the leaves mostly crowded at the base; leaf sheaths splitting into a dense cushion of fibres; leaf laminas 1.5–14 cm long, flat or folded.Raceme 4–16 cm long, straight or falcate, ciliate to densely barbate at the base.Spikelets 1-flowered, 3.4–4.1 mm long; lemma 2–2.6 mm long; anthers 1–1.6 mm long.Caryopsis c. 1.8 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, or South Africa
Habitat: In montane grassland often in bare areas, in shallow soils over rock or laterite pans, in bare or sparsely covered areas in miombo or mixed deciduous woodlands, and on dambo and pan margins
Altitude range: 580 - 1950 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, DRC, Ethiopia, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, South Africa, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 354. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 39.

Cope, T.A. (1999). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(2) Pages 230 - 231.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 429. (Includes a picture).

Isaiah, A.M. & Komi, T. (2015). Grasses in the Botswana National Botanic Garden South African National Biodiversity Institute, Pretoria Page 27. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 141.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Microchloa caffra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Microchloa caffra
Flora of Caprivi: Microchloa caffra
Flora of Malawi: Microchloa caffra
Flora of Zambia: Microchloa caffra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Microchloa caffra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Microchloa caffra
African Plant Database: Microchloa caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Microchloa caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Microchloa caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Microchloa caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Microchloa caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Microchloa caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Microchloa caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Microchloa caffra
Plants of the World Online: Microchloa caffra
Tropicos: Microchloa caffra
Wikipedia: Microchloa caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Microchloa caffra.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=105840, retrieved 12 April 2024

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