Melinis minutiflora P. Beauv.

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Synonyms: Melinis maitlandii Stapf & C.E. Hubb.
Melinis maitlandii forma mutica (Chiov.) Robyns
Melinis minutiflora var. inermis (Doell) Rendle
Melinis minutiflora var. pilosa Stapf
Melinis minutiflora forma inermis (Doell) Stapf & Hubbard
Melinis minutiflora forma mutica Chiov.
Melinis purpurea Stapf & Hubbard
Melinis tenuinervis Stapf
Panicum melinis var. inerme Doell
Panicum minutiflorum (Beauv.) Raspail
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Tufted perennial. Culms (50)80–150 cm. high, ascending. Leaf laminae (2)4–20 cm. long, (2.5)5–11(19) mm. wide, flat, these and the sheaths densely tomentose and usually sticky with a strong smell of linseed oil. Panicle (8)10–20(36) cm. long, narrowly ovate. Pedicels glabrous, rarely with a few hairs towards the apex, scabrous. Spikelets (1.5)1.7– 2.2(2.4) mm. long, narrowly ovate to narrowly oblong. Inferior glume 0.1–0.4 mm. long, ovate, 0–1-nerved, inserted close to the superior; superior glume prominently 7-nerved, awnless or with a short mucro (rarely conspicuously awned), membranous, obtusely bilobed, glabrous, rarely hairy. Inferior floret barren without a palea, its lemma prominently 5-nerved, acutely bilobed, equalling the superior glume but narrower, awnless or with an awn up to 14 mm. long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: minutiflora: with very small flowers
Habitat: Grassland or Brachystegia woodland at higher elevations, and in montane forest, often at anthropogenic sites
Altitude range: 1000 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa, introduced in Central and South America, Canary Is., Cape Verde, Caroline Is., Egypt, Réunion, Society Is., Solomon Is., Southeast Asia, Southeast and south-central China
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 353.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 38.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Page 123.

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 48. As Melinis maitlandii, M. tenuinervis and Rhynchelytrum minutiflorum

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 106.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 149.

Other sources of information about Melinis minutiflora:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Melinis minutiflora
Flora of Zambia: Melinis minutiflora
Flora of Zimbabwe: Melinis minutiflora

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Melinis minutiflora
African Plant Database: Melinis minutiflora
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Melinis minutiflora
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Melinis minutiflora
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Melinis minutiflora
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Melinis minutiflora
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Melinis minutiflora
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Melinis minutiflora
iNaturalist: Melinis minutiflora
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Melinis minutiflora
JSTOR Plant Science: Melinis minutiflora
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Melinis minutiflora
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Melinis minutiflora
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Melinis minutiflora
Plants of the World Online: Melinis minutiflora
Tropicos: Melinis minutiflora
Wikipedia: Melinis minutiflora


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Melinis minutiflora.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107400, retrieved 23 October 2021

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