Digitaria nitens Rendle

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Synonyms: Digitaria elegans Stapf
Digitaria melinioides Mez
Digitaria stolzii Mez
Common names:
A tightly caespitose perennial, bulbously thickened base surrounded by woolly cataphylls and old leaf sheath remnants. Culms 40–70 cm., erect, glabrous, nodes dark, glabrous. Leaf sheaths glabrous. Ligule c. 0.5 mm. long, truncate, shortly ciliate. Leaf laminae 5–10 × 0.3–0.4 cm., linear, flat, scaberulous on the superior surface, glabrous on the inferior surface, scaberulous on the margin. Inflorescence composed of (6)10–17 racemes, 2–7 cm. long (incl. pedicel), few-flowered, long pedicelled, sometimes branched, a few together or all solitary along a long, well developed common axis. Rhachis triquetrous, scarcely winged, up to 0.4 mm. broad, smooth with smooth to scabrous margins. Pedicels 2-nate, 1–3 mm. long, triangular to compressed, basally smooth, asymmetrically broadened at the apex, bearing a setulose coronula. Spikelets (2.5)2.8–3.2(4.1) mm. long, oblong. Inferior glume absent or obsolete. Superior glume c. | of the spikelet, oblong-triangular, 3-nerved, the central nerve poorly developed, basally conspicuously spurred, appressed hairy, hairs white to purple, stiff, acute. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong with recurved margins, 5-nerved, appressed hairy, densely on the inferior half, in 4 rows on the superior half Superior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong, acuminate, basally spurred, but not gibbous, pale yellowish green.
Derivation of specific name: nitens: glossy, shining
Habitat: Miombo woodland, often degraded, or on rocky outcrops and dambos.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution:
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 342.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 36.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 146.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Digitaria nitens:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Digitaria nitens
Flora of Zambia: Digitaria nitens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria nitens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria nitens
African Plant Database: Digitaria nitens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria nitens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria nitens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria nitens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria nitens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria nitens
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria nitens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria nitens
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria nitens
Tropicos: Digitaria nitens
Wikipedia: Digitaria nitens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Digitaria nitens.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107680, retrieved 12 April 2024

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