Digitaria setifolia Stapf

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Common names:
A densely caespitose perennial, base surrounded by glabrous, fibrous, often partly burnt, pale to dark brown, shining leaf sheath remnants. Culms 20–50 cm., erect, glabrous, nodes dark and subglabrous to bearded. Leaf sheaths glabrous to loosely hairy. Ligule c. 0.5 mm. long, truncate, ciliolate. Leaf laminae 5–15 × 0.2–0.3 cm., linear, involute, densely papillose to scaberulous on the superior surface, smooth on the inferior surface, scabrous along the margin. Inflorescence composed of 2–3(5) racemes, up to 20 cm. long, solitary along a short common axis, often branched at the base. Rhachis triquetrous, up to 0.4 mm. broad, smooth to slightly scaberulous, with scabrous margins. Pedicels 2–3-nate, 1–4 mm. long, triquetrous, scabrous, broadened at the apex. Spikelets (3.0)3.2–3.8 mm., oblong. Inferior glume very short to short, truncate, nerveless, glabrous, hyaline. Superior glume 2/3–4/5 of the spikelet, oblong triangular, 3-nerved, appressed hairy, hairs fine, slightly undulating, often capitellate, reddish brown. Inferior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong, 7-nerved, appressed hairy. Superior lemma as long as the spikelet, oblong acute to slightly acuminate, mostly very dark brown.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In mountain grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Angola, DRC, Mozambique, South Africa, Zambia, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 21.

Clayton, W.D. (1989). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(3) Pages 147 - 148. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 102.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Digitaria setifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Digitaria setifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Digitaria setifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Digitaria setifolia
African Plant Database: Digitaria setifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Digitaria setifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Digitaria setifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Digitaria setifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Digitaria setifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Digitaria setifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Digitaria setifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Digitaria setifolia
Plants of the World Online: Digitaria setifolia
Tropicos: Digitaria setifolia
Wikipedia: Digitaria setifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Digitaria setifolia.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=107760, retrieved 19 May 2024

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