Chrysopogon nigritanus (Benth.) Veldk.

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Chrysopogon nigritanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambian side - 1st embarcation point, Katombora, Zambezi

Chrysopogon nigritanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambian side - 1st embarcation point, Katombora, Zambezi

Chrysopogon nigritanus

Photo: Bart Wursten
Zambian side - 1st embarcation point, Katombora, Zambezi

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Synonyms: Andropogon nigritanus Benth.
Andropogon squarrosus L.f. var. nigritanus (Benth.) Hack.
Mandelorna insignis Steud.
Vetiveria nigritana (Benth.) Stapf
Vetiveria zizanioides (L.) Nash var. nigritana (Benth.) A. Camus
Common names: Adrenaline grass (English)
Status: Native
Tall tufted perennial grass, 150-300 cm. Inflorescence a large panicle, up to 40 cm, with 8-10 whorls of up to 15 slender branches with sessile linear-lanceolate spikelets.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: On river banks, occasionally on roadsides.
Altitude range: 20 - 1300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 36 - 38. (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 492. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 65. As Vetiveria nigritana

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 141. As Vetiveria nigritana

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 193. as Vetiveria nigritana

Other sources of information about Chrysopogon nigritanus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Flora of Caprivi: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Flora of Malawi: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Flora of Zambia: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chrysopogon nigritanus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysopogon nigritanus
African Plant Database: Chrysopogon nigritanus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysopogon nigritanus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysopogon nigritanus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Chrysopogon nigritanus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Chrysopogon nigritanus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysopogon nigritanus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Chrysopogon nigritanus
iNaturalist: Chrysopogon nigritanus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysopogon nigritanus
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Plants of the World Online: Chrysopogon nigritanus
The Plant List (version 1.1): Chrysopogon nigritanus
Tropicos: Chrysopogon nigritanus
Wikipedia: Chrysopogon nigritanus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Chrysopogon nigritanus., retrieved 20 September 2020

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