Chrysopogon serrulatus Trin.

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Synonyms: Andropogon caeruleus Nees ex Steud.
Andropogon ciliolatus Nees ex Steud.
Andropogon monticola var. trinii (Steud.) Hook. f.
Andropogon tremulus Hack.
Andropogon trinii Steud. var. simplicior Hack.
Andropogon trinii Steud.
Andropogon trinii var. increscens Hack.
Chrysopogon ciliolatus (Nees ex Steud.) Boiss.
Chrysopogon fulvus var. serrulatus (Trin.) R.B. Stewart
Chrysopogon fulvus var. tremulus Hack.
Chrysopogon montanus Trin. var. tremulus (Hack.) Stapf
Chrysopogon montanus sensu Simon, non Trin.
Chrysopogon montanus var. serrulatus (Trin.) Stapf
Chrysopogon montanus var. tremulus (Hack.) Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Culms up to 150 cm high, sometimes robust; leaf-sheaths glabrous, rarely pilose above; ligule a ciliolate rim; leaf laminas 2–10 mm wide, linear-lanceolate, glabrous except near the ligule where there are sparse tubercle-based hairs on the margins. Panicle up to 15 cm long; peduncles fulvously bearded at the apex. Sessile spikelet c. 6 mm long, narrowly oblong; inferior glume awnless, slightly hispid at the apex; superior glume with a few white hairs on the back and with a glabrous awn c. 12 mm long; inferior lemma hyaline, 1-nerved and with sparsely ciliolate margins; superior floret bisexual, its lemma hyaline, bilobed and with a slightly puberulous awn c. 2.5 cm long; anthers c. 3 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet male or neuter, with awned glumes; inferior glume c. 6 mm long, with short white hairs on the back and with a hispidulous awn c. 5 mm long; superior glume c. 6.5 mm long, glabrous, with an obscurely hispidulous awn c. 2.5 mm long; superior lemma hyaline, sparsely ciliolate on the margins; anthers c. 3 mm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Common in shallow sandy soils and in rocky places
Altitude range: 230 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: NW India, Tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: T,GI
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 8.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 34 - 35.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 101.

Setshogo, M.P. (2000). Notes on the grass subtribe Sorghinae (Poaceae: Andropogoneae) in the Flora Zambesiaca area Kirkia 17(2) Page 140.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 133.

Other sources of information about Chrysopogon serrulatus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Flora of Zambia: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Chrysopogon serrulatus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Chrysopogon serrulatus
African Plant Database: Chrysopogon serrulatus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Chrysopogon serrulatus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Chrysopogon serrulatus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Chrysopogon serrulatus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Chrysopogon serrulatus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Chrysopogon serrulatus
JSTOR Plant Science: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Plants of the World Online: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Tropicos: Chrysopogon serrulatus
Wikipedia: Chrysopogon serrulatus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Chrysopogon serrulatus., retrieved 19 May 2024

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