Schizachyrium jeffreysii (Hack.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon arthropogon Pilg.
Andropogon jeffreysii Hack.
Schizachyrium ursulum Stapf
Common names: Silky autumn grass (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Loosely caespitose, wiry, rhizomatous perennial, tinged with reddish-orange; culms up to 120 cm high, branched; internodes terete. Leaf sheaths shorter than the internodes, occasionally pubescent towards the top; laminas 11–23 cm × 2.5–4 mm, tapering to a fine point. Racemes 4–8 cm long, silvery or yellowish with usually dense long hairs 4–5.5 mm long on the internodes, pedicels and inferior glumes, exserted from the linear spatheole, occasionally long-exserted; peduncles longer than the racemes; internodes and pedicels flattened, narrow at the base (0.3 mm). Sessile spikelet 7–9 mm long, 1/3–1/2 as long again as the pedicel, narrowly ovoid, somewhat laterally compressed, pointed at the base; inferior glume slightly convex; superior lemma linear, bifid in the upper 1/2–2/3; awn dorsal, 13–22 mm long; anthers 2.5–4 mm long. Pedicelled spikelet male or sterile, 5–7.4 mm long, similar to the sessile spikelet and with an awn 1–3.5 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In open woodland, shrubland and grassland, rocky outcrops and dambos
Altitude range: 10 - 1400 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Southern tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 86 - 87.

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 462. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 57.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 109.

Roodt, V. (2015). Grasses & Grazers of Botswana and the surrounding savanna Struik Nature, South Africa Pages 174 - 175. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 144.

Other sources of information about Schizachyrium jeffreysii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Flora of Caprivi: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Flora of Malawi: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Flora of Zambia: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Schizachyrium jeffreysii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
African Plant Database: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
iNaturalist: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Schizachyrium jeffreysii
JSTOR Plant Science: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Plants of the World Online: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Tropicos: Schizachyrium jeffreysii
Wikipedia: Schizachyrium jeffreysii


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Schizachyrium jeffreysii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108730, retrieved 10 April 2021

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