Hyparrhenia cymbaria (L.) Stapf

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Synonyms: Andropogon cymbarius L.
Andropogon cymbarius var. lepidus (Nees) Stapf
Andropogon intonsus Nees
Andropogon lepidus Nees
Andropogon lepidus var. intonsus (Nees) Hack.
Anthistiria cymbaria (L.) Roxb.
Anthistiria latifolia Andersson
Cymbopogon cymbarius (L.) Thomson
Cymbopogon elegans Spreng.
Cymbopogon lepidus (Nees) Chiov.
Hyparrhenia formosa sensu Sturgeon, non Stapf.
Hyparrhenia gazensis sensu Jackson & Wiehe, non (Rendle) Stapf.
Hyparrhenia variabilis sensu Stent & Rattray, non (Stapf).
Sorghum cymbarium (L.) Kuntze
Sorghum lepidum (Nees) Kuntze
Common names:
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Robust caespitose perennial arising from a slender rhizome clad in small cataphylls; culms up to 400 cm high, initially slender and rambling, but subsequently erect and stout (up to 8 mm in diameter) and supported by stilt roots. Leaf sheaths usually glabrous, though often ciliate on the margins and sometimes pubescent at the base; leaf laminas up to 45 cm × 6–20 mm, rigid to subflaccid, dull green, glabrous or hirsute at the base. False panicle typically 20–40 cm long, large, dense, decompound; spatheole 0.8–1.8(2.1) cm long, boat-shaped (narrowly ovate in profile), glabrous, turning bright russet-red at maturity; peduncles 3–8 mm long, 1/3–1/2 the length of the spatheole, barbate above with white or yellowish hairs; racemes 0.7–1.3 cm long, 3–5(6)-awned per pair, partially laterally exserted, deflexed; raceme-bases subequal, very short, the superior up to 0.5 mm long, flattened, stiffly barbate, with or without a scarious frill up to 0.2 mm long at the apex. Homogamous spikelets 4–6(7) mm long, a single pair at the base of the inferior raceme only, glabrous to puberulous on the back, ciliate on the margins. Sessile spikelets 3.8–4.5 mm long; callus 0.2–0.3 mm long, square or broader than long, broadly rounded at the apex; inferior glume oblong-lanceolate, glabrescent to sparsely and shortly pubescent, often becoming purplish; awn 0.5–1.6(2) cm long, rarely almost suppressed, the column pubescent or puberulous with pallid hairs. Pedicelled spikelets 4–5 mm long, glabrous to puberulous on the back, ciliate on the margins, acuminate or sometimes with an awn-point up to 1.5 mm long at the apex; callus scarcely developed; pedicel-tooth obscure.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in wooded grassland, on open hillsides, on the edges of evergreen forest and along stream banks
Altitude range: 480 - 1680 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eastern Africa from Eritrea southwards to South Africa, reaching the west coast in the Cameroon area and in northern Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbawe
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 348.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 32.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 114 - 116. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 43.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 105.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 148.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 85.

Other sources of information about Hyparrhenia cymbaria:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Flora of Zambia: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Flora of Zimbabwe: Hyparrhenia cymbaria

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
African Plant Database: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
iNaturalist: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Hyparrhenia cymbaria
JSTOR Plant Science: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Plants of the World Online: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Tropicos: Hyparrhenia cymbaria
Wikipedia: Hyparrhenia cymbaria


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Hyparrhenia cymbaria.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=108820, retrieved 23 October 2021

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