Elymandra grallata (Stapf) Clayton

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Synonyms: Hyparrhenia eylesii C.E. Hubb.
Hyparrhenia grallata Stapf
Common names:
Status: Native
Densely caespitose perennial; culms 100–200 cm high, up to 4 mm in diameter. Leaf sheaths glabrous or sparsely pilose; ligules 1–1.5 mm long, ciliate; leaf laminas up to 30 cm × 6 mm, rigid, glaucous, glabrescent, those on the tillers much shorter (c. 5 cm) and silvery-villous. Panicle scanty, narrow, rarely reduced to a single pair of racemes; spatheoles linear, 7.5–10 cm long, green or purplish, glabrous or rarely sparsely hirsute; peduncle glabrous or rarely pubescent. Racemes 4–5.5 cm long, c. 12(18)-awned per pair, slender, loose; raceme-bases pubescent where they meet, the inferior very short, the superior 3–4 mm long. Homogamous spikelet-pairs 1 at the base of the inferior raceme (rarely of both racemes), c. 7 mm long, similar to the pedicelled spikelets. Sessile spikelets (7)9–10(12) mm long (including the callus); callus 2.5–3.5(4.5) mm long, slender, pungent, white-pubescent; superior glume with a slender awn 8–18 mm long; superior lemma 5–6 mm long, bilobed almost to the middle; awn (2.5)3–5 cm long, the column thinly and shortly pubescent with white hairs. Pedicelled spikelets 6–10 mm long (excluding the callus), white-villous, acute; callus 2–3 mm long.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Growing in savanna woodland
Altitude range: 550 - 1460 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 15.

Cope, T.A. (2002). Poaceae Flora Zambesiaca 10(4) Pages 138 - 140. (Includes a picture).

Jackson, G. & Wiehe, P.O. (1958). An Annotated Check List of Nyasaland Grasses The Government Printer, Zomba, Nyasaland Page 44. As Hyparrhenia eylesii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 103.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 135.

Other sources of information about Elymandra grallata:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Elymandra grallata
Flora of Malawi: Elymandra grallata
Flora of Zambia: Elymandra grallata
Flora of Zimbabwe: Elymandra grallata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elymandra grallata
African Plant Database: Elymandra grallata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elymandra grallata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elymandra grallata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elymandra grallata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Elymandra grallata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elymandra grallata
JSTOR Plant Science: Elymandra grallata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elymandra grallata
Plants of the World Online: Elymandra grallata
Tropicos: Elymandra grallata
Wikipedia: Elymandra grallata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Elymandra grallata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=109050, retrieved 17 June 2024

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