Culcasia falcifolia Engl.

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Culcasia falcifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slope below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Culcasia falcifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower forested slope below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

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Synonyms: Culcasia scandens sensu Engl.
Common names:
Frequency: Locally common
Status: Native
Perennial climber with short clasping roots at the nodes. Leaves lanceolate to narrowly ovate or elliptic to oblong. Inflorescences on short separate branches, surrounded by a thick leathery, boat-shaped spade, greenish or yellowish-white. Fruits a cluster of obovoid berries orange-red when ripe.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In shade in evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 600 - 1600 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Uganda, Sudan, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 16 August 2008

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 289. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 18. As Culcasia scandens

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 119.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 23. As Culcasia scandens

Haigh, A. & Boyce, P. (2012). Araceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(1) Page 34.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 85.

Mayo, S.J. (1985). Araceae Flora of Tropical East Africa Page 18. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 45.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 71.

White, F. (1962). Forest Flora of Northern Rhodesia Oxford Univ. Press. Page 12. as Culcasia scandens

White, F., Dowsett-Lemaire, F. & Chapman, J.D. (2001). Evergreen forest flora of Malawi Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Culcasia falcifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Culcasia falcifolia
Flora of Malawi: Culcasia falcifolia
Flora of Zambia: Culcasia falcifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Culcasia falcifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Culcasia falcifolia
African Plant Database: Culcasia falcifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Culcasia falcifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Culcasia falcifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Culcasia falcifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Culcasia falcifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Culcasia falcifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Culcasia falcifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Culcasia falcifolia
Plants of the World Online: Culcasia falcifolia
Tropicos: Culcasia falcifolia
Wikipedia: Culcasia falcifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Culcasia falcifolia., retrieved 5 March 2024

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