Crocosmia aurea (Pappe ex Hook.) Planch.
subsp. aurea

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Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa.

Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa.

Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Morumbodzi Falls, lower slopes Mt Gorongosa.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Tritonia aurea Pappe ex Hook.
Common names: Montbretia (English) Valentine flower (English)
Status: Native
Perennial herb, normally 60-100 cm, growing from corms and spreading by underground stolons. Stems strongly arched, often branched. Leaves several, linear-lanceolate, shorter or longer than the stem. Inflorescence a terminal 7-12-flowered spike. Flowers usually directed towards the ground, bright orange-red, sometimes with darker markings at the base of the tepals; tepals narrowly elliptic, 12-38 mm long, spreading horizontally. Capsules depressed globose, 12-15 mm in diameter, bright orange-red on the inside. and spreading by underground stolons.
Derivation of specific name: aurea: golden.
Habitat: In forest margins and clearings.
Altitude range: 800 - 2000 m
Flowering time:Dec - Apr (-Jul)
Worldwide distribution: DRC, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 30 May 2013

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 204 - 205. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 309. (Includes a picture).

Goldblatt, P. (1993). Iridaceae Flora Zambesiaca 12(4) Pages 49 - 51. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 92.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 110.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 83.

Other sources of information about Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea
Flora of Zambia: Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Crocosmia aurea
African Plant Database: Crocosmia aurea
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Crocosmia aurea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Crocosmia aurea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Crocosmia aurea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Crocosmia aurea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Crocosmia aurea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Crocosmia aurea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Crocosmia aurea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Crocosmia aurea
JSTOR Plant Science: Crocosmia aurea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Crocosmia aurea
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Crocosmia aurea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Crocosmia aurea
The Plant List (version 1.1): Crocosmia aurea
Tropicos: Crocosmia aurea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Crocosmia aurea subsp. aurea., retrieved 17 June 2019

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