Strelitzia caudata R.A. Dyer

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Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Gwasha below Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Slopes of Mt Binga, Chimanimani Mts

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muvumodzi headwaters, Chimanimani Mts

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Mountain strelitzia (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Tall, banana-like tree up to 8m, with a fan-shaped crown.
Notes: This species was formerly considered conspecific with Strelitzia nicolai, which is now restricted to the coastal region of eastern S Africa.In leaf only, it could be confused with Ensete ventricosum but it differs from that species in the long leafless woody stem and the distinctly stalked, greyish-green leaves.
Derivation of specific name: caudata: abruptly ending in a long tail-like tip
Habitat: In high altitude areas of steeply sloped grassland or ericoid scrub.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique (including Mt Gorongosa), Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 5 December 2011

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 62. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 118 - 119.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 142.

Diniz, M.A. & Lock, J.M. (2010). Strelitziaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 112.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 64 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Strelitzia caudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Strelitzia caudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strelitzia caudata
African Plant Database: Strelitzia caudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strelitzia caudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strelitzia caudata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strelitzia caudata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strelitzia caudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strelitzia caudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strelitzia caudata
iNaturalist: Strelitzia caudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strelitzia caudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Strelitzia caudata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strelitzia caudata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Strelitzia caudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strelitzia caudata
Plants of the World Online: Strelitzia caudata
Tropicos: Strelitzia caudata
Wikipedia: Strelitzia caudata

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strelitzia caudata., retrieved 28 May 2022

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