Strelitzia caudata R.A. Dyer

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Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Muvumodzi headwaters, Chimanimani Mts

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Gorongosa

Strelitzia caudata

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Gorongosa

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Mountain strelitzia (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Description:
Tall, banana-like tree up to 8m, with a fan-shaped crown.
Notes: This species was formerly considered conspecific with Strelitzia nicolai, which is now restricted to the coastal region of eastern South Africa. In leaf only, it could be confused with Ensete ventricosum but it differs from that species in the long leafless woody stem and the distinctly stalked, greyish-green leaves.
Derivation of specific name: caudata: abruptly ending in a long tail-like tip
Habitat: In high altitude areas of steeply sloped grassland or ericoid scrub.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique (including Mt Gorongosa), Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 3 June 2022
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 62. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 118 - 119.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 142.

Diniz, M.A. & Lock, J.M. (2010). Strelitziaceae Flora Zambesiaca 13(4) Pages 112 - 113. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 112.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 64 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 56 - 57. (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 86.

Other sources of information about Strelitzia caudata:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Strelitzia caudata

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strelitzia caudata
African Plant Database: Strelitzia caudata
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strelitzia caudata
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strelitzia caudata
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Strelitzia caudata
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Strelitzia caudata
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strelitzia caudata
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Strelitzia caudata
iNaturalist: Strelitzia caudata
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strelitzia caudata
JSTOR Plant Science: Strelitzia caudata
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Strelitzia caudata
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Strelitzia caudata
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strelitzia caudata
Plants of the World Online: Strelitzia caudata
Tropicos: Strelitzia caudata
Wikipedia: Strelitzia caudata


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-22

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2022). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strelitzia caudata.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116110, retrieved 11 August 2022

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