Habenaria cornuta Lindl.

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Habenaria cornuta

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Roadside dambo along M3 (Kasama District).

Habenaria cornuta

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Roadside dambo along M3 (Kasama District).

Habenaria cornuta

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Roadside dambo along D94 (Mansa District)

Habenaria cornuta

Photo: Nicholas Wightman
Roadside dambo along D94 (Mansa District)

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Habenaria ceratopetala
Habenaria orthocaulis
Habenaria ruwenzoriensis
Habenaria subcornuta
Common names:
Status: Doubtful
Terrestrial herb up to 80 cm tall; stem leafy, sometimes arranged in two rows, largest leaves c. 2-10 x 0.7-4.5 cm; inflorescence laxly to densely several to many-flowered; flowers green or yellow-green, the lip occasionally white, side lobes of lip usually with 1-6 short teeth; spur up to 28 mm long and swollen in at tip.
Notes: This species is mentioned in the Preliminary Checklist of Vascular plants of Mozambique (SABONET report 30, 2009). It is however absent from both Flora Zambesiaca (La Croix & Cribb, 1995) and the Provisional Checklist of Orchidaceae of Mozambique (Schelpe, 1973).
Derivation of specific name: cornuta: horn referring to horn-like structure of lower petal lobes.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Feb - Apr
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s): Perennial, terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 325.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 129.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 117 - 118. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 82. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Page 57.

Other sources of information about Habenaria cornuta:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Habenaria cornuta
Flora of Zambia: Habenaria cornuta
Flora of Zimbabwe: Habenaria cornuta

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Habenaria cornuta
African Plant Database: Habenaria cornuta
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Habenaria cornuta
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Habenaria cornuta
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Habenaria cornuta
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Habenaria cornuta
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Habenaria cornuta
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Habenaria cornuta
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Habenaria cornuta
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Habenaria cornuta
JSTOR Plant Science: Habenaria cornuta
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Habenaria cornuta
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Habenaria cornuta
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Habenaria cornuta
The Plant List (version 1.1): Habenaria cornuta
Tropicos: Habenaria cornuta

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Habenaria cornuta.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=116690, retrieved 17 June 2019

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