Disa hircicornis Rchb. f.

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Disa hircicornis

Photo: Margaret Westrop
Zomba Plateau, Malawi

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Synonyms: Disa amblyopetala Schltr.
Disa culveri Schltr.
Disa laeta Rchb. f.
Common names:
Frequency: Local and occasional
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, 30-60 cm tall. Leaves usually 2 on a separate sterile shoot,semi-erect, narrowly elliptic to linear, up to 30 cm long, folded along the length. Leaves along the fertile shoot, lanceolate, 5-20 cm long, mostly sheathing, mottled or barred red at the base. Inflorescence 6-20 cm long, densely 20-70-flowered; bracts as tall or taller than the flowers, lanceolate with apices often reflexed. Flowers facing down at an angle of c. 45°, deep, dusty purple to purple-red. Dorsal sepal forming a conical hood, 4-6 mm with slender ascending spur, 8-13 mm long, sharply curving back in the middle. Lateral sepals spreading, 7.5 mm long, oblong. Petals erect, 4-5.5 mm long. Lip pendent, linear to narrowly elliptic, 4-5.5 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: hircicornis: with goat-like horns, presumably referring to the shape of the spur.
Habitat: In wet grassland and marshy areas.
Altitude range: 1500 - 1800 m
Flowering time:Dec - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Nigeria, Cameroon, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 12 October 2011

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 222 - 223. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 321. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 56.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Page 180.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 123. (Includes a picture).

McMurtry, D., Grobler,L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 182 - 183. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Disa hircicornis:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Disa hircicornis
Flora of Zambia: Disa hircicornis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Disa hircicornis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa hircicornis
African Plant Database: Disa hircicornis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Disa hircicornis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa hircicornis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa hircicornis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Disa hircicornis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Disa hircicornis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa hircicornis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Disa hircicornis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa hircicornis
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa hircicornis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Disa hircicornis
Kew Monocotyledon checklist: Disa hircicornis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa hircicornis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Disa hircicornis
Tropicos: Disa hircicornis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Disa hircicornis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117340, retrieved 26 April 2018

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