Disa woodii Schltr.

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Disa woodii

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Richard's Bay, Natal, South Africa

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Synonyms: Disa polygonoides sensu Grosvenor (1976)
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial herb, up to 70 m tall. Leaves on a separate shoot but not always developing, 3-4, semi-erect, linear, up to 25 cm long. Leaves along the fertile shoot 6-25, narrowly lanceolate, sheathing at the base. Inflorescence cylindric, 3-17 cm long, dense, 80-100-flowered, bracts narrowly ovate, usually as long as the flowers with pointed, reflexed apices. Flowers bright yellow, sometimes tinged orange at the apices of the floral parts. Dorsal sepal erect, elliptic to subobovate, 5-7 mm long with a pendent spur, 1-2.5 mm long arising from the base. Lateral sepals narrowly oblong, 6-7 mm long. Petals narrowly obovate, 4-6 mm long. Lip linear, c. 6 mm long.
Derivation of specific name: woodii: named after John Medley Wood (1827 - 1915), botanist, founder of the Natal Herbarium and author of various works on the flora of Natal.
Habitat: In damp grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Limpopo, Mpumalanga, Gauteng, KwaZulu-Natal and Eastern Cape, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 31 January 2010

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 128.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 57.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 80. as Disa polygonoides

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1995). Orchidaceae (Part 1) Flora Zambesiaca 11(1) Pages 161 - 162.

Linder, H.P. (1981). Taxonomic studies in the Disinae (Orchidaceae): IV A revision of Disa Berg. sect. Micranthae Lindl. Bulletin du Jardin Botanique National de Belgique 51(3/4) Pages 273 - 274.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

McMurtry, D., Grobler, L., Grobler, J. & Burns, S. (2008). Field Guide to the ORCHIDS of Northern South Africa and Swaziland Umdaus Press, PO Box 11059 Hatfield 0028 South Africa Pages 202 - 203. (Includes a picture).

Pooley, E. (1998). A Field Guide to the Wild Flowers of KwaZulu-Natal and the Eastern Region. Natal Flora Publications Trust. Durban. Pages 240 - 241. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Disa woodii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Disa woodii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Disa woodii
African Plant Database: Disa woodii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Disa woodii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Disa woodii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Disa woodii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Disa woodii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Disa woodii
JSTOR Plant Science: Disa woodii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Disa woodii
Plants of the World Online: Disa woodii
Tropicos: Disa woodii
Wikipedia: Disa woodii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Disa woodii.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=117450, retrieved 22 April 2024

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