Eulophia guineensis Lindl.

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Eulophia guineensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Maforga Mission, Gondola

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Synonyms: Eulophia quartiniana A. Rich.
Common names:
Status: Native
Terrestrial or occasional lithophytic herb, up to 65 cm. The clusters of conical pseudobulbs are mostly above ground. The leaves are elliptic up to 35 cm with distinct petioles, three to four leaves may be present at the time of flowering. Inflorescence lax, normally up to 7 flowers. Petals and sepals similar, narrowly lanceolate, 2 to 3 cm, greenish to dark purple-brown; lip large with undulate margins, white to pale pink with a varying darker magenta blotch in the throat.
Notes: Although widespread and fairly common throughout tropical Africa, this species apparently had not been recorded from Mozambique before.
Derivation of specific name: guineensis: of Guinea; a historical term for much of West Africa. The type specimen was found in Sierra Leone.
Habitat: In shade among rocks in woodland or in riverine and low altitude forest.
Altitude range: 700 - 1000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa; also in north Yemen and Oman.
Mozambique distribution: MS (other?)
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 4 February 2013

Ball, J.S. (2009). Terrestrial African Orchids, A Selected Review. Pages 124 - 125. (Includes a picture).

Cribb, P.J. (1989). Orchidaceae (Part 3) Flora of Tropical East Africa Pages 428 - 429. (Includes a picture).

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 59.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 82. as Eulophia quartiniana

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Page 465.

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Pages 302 - 303. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Pickering, H. & Roe, E. (2009). Wild Flowers of the Victoria Falls Area Helen Pickering, London Page 88. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 127.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 118 - 119. (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 153 - 154. as Eulophia quartiniana (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia guineensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Eulophia guineensis
Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eulophia guineensis
Flora of Malawi: Eulophia guineensis
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia guineensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia guineensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia guineensis
African Plant Database: Eulophia guineensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia guineensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia guineensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia guineensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia guineensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia guineensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia guineensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia guineensis
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia guineensis
Tropicos: Eulophia guineensis
Wikipedia: Eulophia guineensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eulophia guineensis., retrieved 24 July 2024

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