Orthochilus milnei (Rchb. f.) Bytebier

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Orthochilus milnei

Photo: Gavin Stephens
Besna Kobila, Matobo

Orthochilus milnei

Photo: Gavin Stephens
Besna Kobila, Matobo

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Eulophia corallorhiziformis Schltr.
Eulophia dictyostegioides Kraenzl.
Eulophia gracillima Ridl.
Eulophia lujaana Kraenzl.
Eulophia lutea Lindl.
Eulophia microdactyla Kraenzl.
Eulophia milnei Rchb. f.
Eulophia pusilla Rolfe
Eulophia warneckeana Kraenzl.
Common names:
Status: Native
Slender herb to 50 cm tall. Leaves 2-6, grass-like, narrowly linear, acuminate, absent or just beginning to appear at flowering time. Inflorescence several- to many-flowered; scape almost covered with papery sheaths. Flowers bright yellow, column and spur often tinged with red. Sepals and petals similar; sepals 4-9.5 mm long, oblong-lanceolate; petals 4.2-8 mm long, oblanceolate. Lip 3-lobed; side lobes rounded, mid-lobe oblong-obovate, obtuse or emarginate; callus of 2-3 basal ridges with 3-5 lines of papillae on the mid-lobe. Spur slender, horizontal. Capsule 20 mm long, pendent.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In damp or wet places, such as swampy grassland, moist soils and dambos; also in submontane grassland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Sierra Leone to the Sudan and southwards to Angola and South Africa
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 10 October 2017

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 323.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 26.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 16.

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 60. As Eulophia milnei

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 181.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 81. As Eulophia milnei and E. corallorrhiziformis

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 512 - 514. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 309. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95. As Eulophia milnei

Martos, F., Johnson, S.D., Peter, C.I & Bytebier, B. (2014). A molecular phylogeny reveals paraphyly of the large genus Eulophia (Orchidaceae): A case for the reinstatement of Orthochilus Taxon 63(1) Page 19.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120. As Eulophia milnei

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Pages 120 - 121. As Eulophia milnei (Includes a picture).

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 160 - 161. As Eulophia milnei, E. warneckeana and E. corallorrhiziformis (Includes a picture).

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 84.

Other sources of information about Orthochilus milnei:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Orthochilus milnei
Flora of Malawi: Orthochilus milnei
Flora of Zambia: Orthochilus milnei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Orthochilus milnei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Orthochilus milnei
African Plant Database: Orthochilus milnei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Orthochilus milnei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Orthochilus milnei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Orthochilus milnei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Orthochilus milnei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Orthochilus milnei
JSTOR Plant Science: Orthochilus milnei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Orthochilus milnei
Plants of the World Online: Orthochilus milnei
Tropicos: Orthochilus milnei
Wikipedia: Orthochilus milnei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Orthochilus milnei.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119350, retrieved 19 May 2024

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