Eulophia parvula (Rendle) Summerh.

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Synonyms: Eulophia ledermannii Kraenzl.
Eulophia tanganyikae Kraenzl.
Lissochilus parvulus Rendle
Common names:
Frequency:
Status:
Description:
Very slender terrestrial herb 20–60 cm tall growing from irregularly conical tuberous rootstock often forming chains. Leaves c. 7, 10–30 × 0.8–1.3 mm, linear, acute, not plicate, absent at flowering time. Inflorescence rather laxly many-flowered; capsules starting to develop before the flowers fade. Pedicel and ovary 12–15 mm long. Flowers very small, yellow-green streaked with purple or chocolate-brown with a yellow lip. Sepals 4–5 × 2.2–3 mm, oblong-elliptic, obtuse. Petals 4–5 × 3.5–5 mm, broadly ovate to suborbicular. Lip 5–6 × 4–5 mm, 3-lobed; side lobes erect, joined at base to column; mid-lobe 3–4 × 3–3.8 mm, convex, suborbicular, obtuse; spur conical, very short, c. 1 mm long.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: parvula: little, tiny, puny, referring to the small size of the flowers.
Habitat:
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Oct
Worldwide distribution: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Nigeria, Sudan, Congo-Brazzaville, Angola, DRC, Rwanda, Uganda, Kenya, Malawi, Mozambique, Tanzania, Zambia and Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: N
Growth form(s): Terrestrial.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Fibeck, W. & Dare, M. (1993). Terrestrial Orchids in Zimbabwe. Excelsa 16 Page 61.

Grosvenor, R.K. (1976). A list of orchids indigenous in Rhodesia. Excelsa 6 Page 82.

La Croix, I. & Cribb, P.J. (1998). Orchidaceae (Part 2) Flora Zambesiaca 11(2) Pages 484 - 486. (Includes a picture).

La Croix, I. et al. (1991). Orchids of Malawi A.A. Balkema, Rotterdam Page 331. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 95.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 120.

Stewart, J. & Campbell, B. (1996). Orchids of Kenya Timber Press Inc, Portland Oregon, USA ISBN0-88192-357-5 Page 123. (Includes a picture).

Summerhayes, V.S. (1957). African orchids XXIV Kew Bulletin 12(1) Pages 125 - 126.

Williamson, G. (1977). The Orchids of South Central Africa J.M. Dent & Sons Ltd., London. Pages 168 - 169. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Eulophia parvula:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eulophia parvula
Flora of Zambia: Eulophia parvula
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eulophia parvula

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eulophia parvula
African Plant Database: Eulophia parvula
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eulophia parvula
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eulophia parvula
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eulophia parvula
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eulophia parvula
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eulophia parvula
JSTOR Plant Science: Eulophia parvula
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eulophia parvula
Plants of the World Online: Eulophia parvula
Tropicos: Eulophia parvula
Wikipedia: Eulophia parvula


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eulophia parvula.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=119480, retrieved 21 July 2024

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