Ficus bussei Mildbr. & Burret

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Ficus bussei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Ficus bussei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Ficus bussei

Photo: Bart Wursten
Road 2, Gorongosa National Park

Ficus bussei

Photo: Mark Hyde
On Suni North trail, Catapu, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Ficus zambesiaca Hutch.
Common names: Busse's fig (English) Zambezi fig (English)
Status: Native
Medium to large evergreen or briefly deciduous tree, often starting epiphytically as a strangler. Bark smoothish, grey-brown, finely fissured and flaking on the lower stem of old trees; latex present. Leaves clustered near the ends of branches, oblong-lanceolate, elliptic to somewhat obovate or ovate, 10-30 cm, dark olive green above, paler below, usually hairless or finely hairy on the veins; base cordate with the lobes sometimes overlapping the petiole; veins yellowish, prominently raised below; margin entire, slightly rolled under. Fruits Figs in pairs in the leaf axils, pedunculate, rarely or on bare twigs, subspherical, c. 30 mm in diameter, green and warty, yellowish when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: bussei: named after W. Busse, German agricultural officer and collector in Tanganyika (now Tanzania).
Habitat: On sandy and alluvial soils along the major river valleys and in coastal areas.
Altitude range: Up to 600 m
Flowering time:Sep - Feb
Worldwide distribution: Along the East African coast from Somalia to Mozambique,Zimbabwe and Zambia.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 14 March 2016

Berg, C.C. (1991). Moraceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(6) Page 58.

Burrows, J.E. & Burrows, S.M. (2003). Figs of Southern and South-Central Africa Umdaus Press, South Africa Pages 104 - 108. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 84. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 139.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 234. As Ficus zambesiaca

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 63.

Other sources of information about Ficus bussei:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Ficus bussei
Flora of Zambia: Ficus bussei
Flora of Zimbabwe: Ficus bussei

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Ficus bussei
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Ficus bussei
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Ficus bussei
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Ficus bussei
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Ficus bussei
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Ficus bussei
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Ficus bussei
iNaturalist: Ficus bussei
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Ficus bussei
JSTOR Plant Science: Ficus bussei
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Ficus bussei
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Ficus bussei
Plants of the World Online: Ficus bussei
The Plant List (version 1.1): Ficus bussei
Tropicos: Ficus bussei
Wikipedia: Ficus bussei

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Ficus bussei., retrieved 20 February 2020

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