Protea caffra Meisn.
subsp. gazensis (Beard) Chisumpa & Brummitt

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Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Protea gazensis Beard
Common names: Manica protea (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. The leaves are bluish-green, hairless, narrowly oblong or elliptic. Young leaves are bright red. Flower heads up to 15 cm in diameter; outer bracts usually brownish, inner bracts pink to red.
Derivation of specific name: caffra : from Kaffraria, a historic name for South Africa;
gazensis: of Gaza, historic name for the eastern part of Southern Africa, now a province in Mozambique.
Habitat: In wooded grassland on hillsides and in valleys.
Altitude range: 1500 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is confined to the border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique, including Mt Gorongosa. Subsp. caffra occurs in southern Mozambique and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status: Near Endemic
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 July 2012

Beard, J.S. (1963). The genus Protea in Tropical Africa Kirkia 3 Pages 182 - 183. as Protea gazensis (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 45.

Chisumpa, S.M., Brummitt, R.K. & Marner, S. (2006). Proteaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 68 - 69.

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 167.

Darbyshire, I., Timberlake, J., Osborne, J., Rokni, S., Matimele, H., Langa. C., Datizua, C., de Sousa, C., Alves, T., Massingue, A., Hadj-Hammou, J., Dhanda, S., Shah, T., Wursten, B. (2019). The endemic plants of Mozambique: diversity and conservation status Phytotaxa 136 Page 92.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235. As Protea gazensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 38, plate 59

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Protea caffra subsp. gazensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Protea caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Protea caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Protea caffra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Protea caffra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Protea caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Protea caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Protea caffra
iNaturalist: Protea caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Protea caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Protea caffra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Protea caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Protea caffra
Plants of the World Online: Protea caffra
Tropicos: Protea caffra
Wikipedia: Protea caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-21

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2021). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis., retrieved 23 October 2021

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