Protea caffra Meisn.
subsp. gazensis (Beard) Chisumpa & Brummitt

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Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Along edge of western butress, Tsetsera plateau

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Protea gazensis Beard
Common names: Manica protea (English)
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree. The leaves are bluish-green, hairless, narrowly oblong or elliptic. Young leaves are bright red. Flower heads up to 15 cm in diameter; outer bracts usually brownish, inner bracts pink to red.
Derivation of specific name: caffra : from Kaffraria, a historic name for South Africa; gazensis: of Gaza, historic name for the eastern part of Southern Africa, now a province in Mozambique.
Habitat: In wooded grassland on hillsides and in valleys.
Altitude range: 1500 - 2100 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: This subspecies is confined to the border mountains of Zimbabwe and Mozambique, including Mt Gorongosa. Subsp. caffra occurs in southern Mozambique and South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 28 July 2012

Beard, J.S. (1963). The genus Protea in Tropical Africa Kirkia 3 Pages 182 - 183. as Protea gazensis (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 102. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 45.

Chisumpa, S.M., Brummitt, R.K. & Marner, S. (2006). Proteaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 68 - 69.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 167.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 235. As Protea gazensis

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 69.

Plowes, D.C.H. & Drummond, R.B. (1990). Wild Flowers of Zimbabwe. Revised edition. Longman, Zimbabwe. No. 38, plate 59

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 97.

Other sources of information about Protea caffra subsp. gazensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Protea caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Protea caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Protea caffra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Protea caffra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Protea caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Protea caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Protea caffra
iNaturalist: Protea caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Protea caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Protea caffra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Protea caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Protea caffra
Plants of the World Online: Protea caffra
The Plant List (version 1.1): Protea caffra
Tropicos: Protea caffra
Wikipedia: Protea caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Protea caffra subsp. gazensis., retrieved 7 July 2020

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