Erianthemum virescens (N.E. Br.) Balle ex Wiens & Polhill

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Erianthemum virescens

Photo: Darrel Plowes
Base of Njelele Pass, 25km East of Gokwe.

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Synonyms: Loranthus virescens N.E. Br.
Common names:
Status: Native
Small parasitic shrub with spreading stems up to 1 m. Branchlets tomentose with coarse stellate hairs. Leaves clustered on short shoots, oblong-elliptic or slightly ovate or obovate, stellate pubescent on both surfaces. Flowers in loose, candelabra-like, terminal inflorescences, arising from a tuft of leaves. Corolla 4-5 cm, greenish-yellow, sometimes tinged orange or with red inside, stellate tomentose and with longer hairs. Berry blue-green, 10-12 mm including the calyx, pubescent; seed orange to red. This species may be confused with E. ngamicum in leaf, but is distinguished by the pedicellate flowers, the longer hairs on the corolla, and blue fruits.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Mostly in mopane woodland but also on a wide variety of other hosts, including cultivated species, such as Citrus, Jacaranda, Melia, Prunus and Psidium guajava.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Jan
Worldwide distribution: Throughout the Flora Zambesiaca area.
Mozambique distribution: T
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 3 November 2008

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 101. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 59.

Polhill, R.M. & Wiens, D. (2006). Loranthaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(3) Pages 181 - 184. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 81.

Other sources of information about Erianthemum virescens:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Erianthemum virescens
Flora of Zambia: Erianthemum virescens
Flora of Zimbabwe: Erianthemum virescens

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erianthemum virescens
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erianthemum virescens
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erianthemum virescens
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erianthemum virescens
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Erianthemum virescens
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erianthemum virescens
JSTOR Plant Science: Erianthemum virescens
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erianthemum virescens
Plants of the World Online: Erianthemum virescens
Tropicos: Erianthemum virescens
Wikipedia: Erianthemum virescens

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Erianthemum virescens., retrieved 12 April 2024

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