Strombosia scheffleri Engl.

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Strombosia scheffleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Southeastern ridge, Mt Gorongosa

Strombosia scheffleri

Photo: Bart Wursten
Southeastern ridge, Mt Gorongosa

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Synonyms: Strombosia toroensis S. Moore
Common names: Strombosia (English)
Status: Native
Large evergreen tree with a fluted trunk. Bark smooth, dark purple-brown, flaking to reveal a pattern of paler patches. Leaves alternate, oblong, 7-20 cm, shiny light green above, hairless; margin entire. Flowers small and inconspicuous, clustered on dwarf spur-branchlets, yellowish green. Fruit oblong, c. 2.5 cm, depressed at the apex around the remains of the style.
Derivation of specific name: scheffleri: named after J.C. Scheffler, 18th century botanist from Danzig
Habitat: In (sub) montane evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: From West Africa to DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Angola, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 27 May 2022

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 219. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 110. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Pages 197 - 198.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 19.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 236.

Garcia, J.G. (1963). Olacaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 334 - 336. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 65.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 128.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Other sources of information about Strombosia scheffleri:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Strombosia scheffleri
Flora of Malawi: Strombosia scheffleri
Flora of Zimbabwe: Strombosia scheffleri

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Strombosia scheffleri
African Plant Database: Strombosia scheffleri
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Strombosia scheffleri
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Strombosia scheffleri
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Strombosia scheffleri
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Strombosia scheffleri
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Strombosia scheffleri
JSTOR Plant Science: Strombosia scheffleri
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Strombosia scheffleri
Plants of the World Online: Strombosia scheffleri
Tropicos: Strombosia scheffleri
Wikipedia: Strombosia scheffleri

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Strombosia scheffleri., retrieved 19 June 2024

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