Cardamine africana L.

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Cardamine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten

Cardamine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten

Cardamine africana

Photo: Bart Wursten

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Common names: African bittercress (English)
Frequency: Local
Status: Native
Slender perennial herb, 40-60 cm. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets up to 4 × 3 cm, ovate to ovate-lanceolate, sparsely hairy; apex pointed to rounded; margin crenate-dentate. Flowers in corymbose racemes, white to greenish, c. 6 mm in diameter. Fruit a straight, linear siliqua, 25-45 mm, flattened, tapering gradually. Seeds ellipsoid, flattened, brownish.
Notes: Apparently this species has not been recorded from Mozambique before.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: On the forest floor of submontane evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in mountainous areas of Tropical and South Africa. Also in India and Brazil
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 11 December 2011

Exell, A.W. (1960). Brassicaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(1) Page 189.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 30.

Other sources of information about Cardamine africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Cardamine africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Cardamine africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Cardamine africana
African Plant Database: Cardamine africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Cardamine africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Cardamine africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Cardamine africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Cardamine africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Cardamine africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Cardamine africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Cardamine africana
Plants of the World Online: Cardamine africana
Tropicos: Cardamine africana
Wikipedia: Cardamine africana

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Cardamine africana., retrieved 12 April 2024

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