Albizia adianthifolia (Schumach.) W. Wight
var. adianthifolia

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Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia

Photo: Bart Wursten
By the main Beira road between Gondola and Chimoio, Mozambique

Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
At the horse riding school behind former textafrica piggery, Chimoio town

Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
At the horse riding school behind former textafrica piggery, Chimoio town

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Albizia chirindensis (Swynn. ex Baker f.) Swynn. ex Steedman
Common names: Rough-barked flat-top (English)
Status: Native
Large flat-crowned tree. Bark grey, usually rough with shallow squares, like scales; young branches densely covered in rusty-brown hairs. Stipules ovate, c. 5-12 × 3-8 mm. Leaves bipinnate with 5-8 pairs of pinnae; leaflets in 9-17 pairs per pinna, oblong to almost rectangular with the midrib diagonally across, rounded and lacking a "heel", dark green above, densely pubescent all over the surface beneath; rhachis and petiole hairy with a gland at the base. Flowers in semi-spherical heads, creamy-white; staminal tube greenish (rarely pink or red), exserted up to 2.5 cm beyond the corolla. Pod dehiscent, pale brown, oblong, not glossy, densely and persistently pubescent. The pods take more than 9 months to mature.
Notes: See the similar A. gummifera for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: adianthifolia: leaves like a Maidenhair Fern (Adiantum sp.).
Habitat: In forest and woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, as far south as KwaZulu-Natal.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 26 February 2011

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 20.

Brenan, J.P.M. (1952). The Albizzia gummifera complex Kew Bulletin 7(4) Pages 520 - 528. (Includes a picture).

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 130 - 132. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 230. As Albizia adianthifolia adianthifolia (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 4. As Albizia adianthifolia adianthifolia

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 239.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 16. as Albizzia chirindensis

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 93.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 93.

Other sources of information about Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia
Flora of Zambia: Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Albizia adianthifolia
African Plant Database: Albizia adianthifolia
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Albizia adianthifolia
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Albizia adianthifolia
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Albizia adianthifolia
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Albizia adianthifolia
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Albizia adianthifolia
JSTOR Plant Science: Albizia adianthifolia
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Albizia adianthifolia
Plants of the World Online: Albizia adianthifolia
Tropicos: Albizia adianthifolia
Wikipedia: Albizia adianthifolia

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Albizia adianthifolia var. adianthifolia., retrieved 21 May 2024

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