Acacia caffra (Thunb.) Willd.

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Synonyms: Senegalia caffra (Thunb.) P.J.H. Hurter & Mabb.
Common names: Common hook-thorn (English)
Shrub or small tree with a narrow crown. Bark not peeling. Prickles mostly in pairs, sometimes scattered. Leaves: petiole 1.3-3.5 cm long gland near the base of the pinnae small or absent; lamina large, drooping, 15-20 × 6 cm with 10-20 pairs of pinnae; leaflets 2-7 mm long. Spikes of creamy-white flowers clustered at the junction of the new year’s growth with the old. Pods brown, straight.
Derivation of specific name: caffra: from Kaffraria, or South Africa
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Namibia, Botswana, Mozambique, South Africa and Eswatini.
Mozambique distribution: M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 72 - 73.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 201. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 59.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 42 - 43. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia caffra:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia caffra
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia caffra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia caffra
African Plant Database: Acacia caffra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia caffra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia caffra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia caffra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia caffra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia caffra
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia caffra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia caffra
Plants of the World Online: Acacia caffra
Tropicos: Acacia caffra
Wikipedia: Acacia caffra

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Acacia caffra., retrieved 24 February 2024

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