Acacia xanthophloea Benth.

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Acacia xanthophloea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Musicadzi River, Road 5A, Gorongosa National Park

Acacia xanthophloea

Photo: Fraser Gear
Road 5 across West of Muzicadzi River, Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms: Vachellia xanthophloea (Benth.) P.J.H. Hurter
Common names: Fever tree (English) Fever-tree thorn (English)
Status: Native
Medium-sized deciduous tree. Bark very distinctive, smooth, greenish-yellow or yellow, powdery. Thorns straight, up to 7 cm, white, in pairs at the nodes. Leaves often clustered on short lateral shoots, 4-6 pairs of pinnae. Leaflets in 10-17 pairs per pinna, small, pale yellow-green. Flowers in axillary clusters of pale yellow spherical heads. Pods straight, papery with a wavy margin, indehiscent.
Derivation of specific name: xanthophloea: from the Greek: xanthos meaning yellow, phloios meaning bark.
Habitat: In marshy areas and along floodplains, often in large stands
Altitude range: Up to 500 m
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to KwaZulu-Natal and Eswatini
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 1 September 2016

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Page 96.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 188. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 303. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 241.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 166 - 167. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 61.

Setshogo, M.P. & Venter, F. (2003). Trees of Botswana: names and distribution SABONET Report No. 18 Southern African Botanical Diversity Network, Pretoria Page 66.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Timberlake, J., Fagg, C. & Barnes, R. (1999). Field Guide to the Acacias of Zimbabwe CBC Publishing, Harare Pages 138 - 139. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 498 - 499. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (2013). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa (Second edition) Struik, South Africa Pages 594 - 595. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Acacia xanthophloea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Acacia xanthophloea
Flora of Botswana: cultivated Acacia xanthophloea
Flora of Malawi: Acacia xanthophloea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acacia xanthophloea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Acacia xanthophloea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acacia xanthophloea
African Plant Database: Acacia xanthophloea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acacia xanthophloea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acacia xanthophloea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acacia xanthophloea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Acacia xanthophloea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acacia xanthophloea
JSTOR Plant Science: Acacia xanthophloea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acacia xanthophloea
Plants of the World Online: Acacia xanthophloea
Tropicos: Acacia xanthophloea
Wikipedia: Acacia xanthophloea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Acacia xanthophloea., retrieved 3 October 2023

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