Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa Schinz

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Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plantation Drive, Morningside, Mutare

Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plantation Drive, Morningside, Mutare

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Synonyms:
Common names: Skew-leaved Elephant Root (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Deciduous shrub, rarely a small multi-stemmed tree, 1-4 m tall. Leaves very finely bipinnate with up to 31 pairs of pinnae, each with up to 50 pairs of leaflets. Leaflets very small, up to 5 mm long, very asymmetric with midrib running along the inner edge of the leaflet. Flowers in dense axillary spikes, normally appearing with the new leaves, creamy yellow. Pod flattened, up to 28 cm long, reddish-brown, raised over the seeds, breaking away from the persistent margins.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: suffruticosa: a suffrutex, shrubby plant, woody at the base, regrowing annually from a strong perennial underground base.
Habitat: Occurring in open wooded grassland, often in association with Acacia spp.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s): Shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Thursday 22 January 2009
Literature:

Brenan, J.P.M. (1970). Mimosoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(1) Pages 26 - 27.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 220. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 215.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 242.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 45.

Other sources of information about Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
African Plant Database: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
iNaturalist: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Plants of the World Online: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
The Plant List (version 1.1): Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Tropicos: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa
Wikipedia: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Elephantorrhiza suffruticosa.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126480, retrieved 13 November 2019

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