Tamarindus indica L.

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Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Elephant Hills Hotel grounds, Victoria Falls

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Bay, Cabo Delgado

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Ton Rulkens
Pemba Bay, Cabo Delgado

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Mike Bingham

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Suzanne Carter

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Suzanne Carter

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Suzanne Carter

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Long Pool Viewing Point, Mana Pools

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Long Pool Viewing Point, Mana Pools

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sandforest loop, Gorongosa National Park

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Mark Hyde
By road from Muzarabani to Mahuwe, Gutsa CL

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Hippo Pools, near camp, Umfurudzi Safari Area.

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Bunga Camp, Gorongosa National Park and EN1

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Between Bunga Camp, Gorongosa National Park and EN1

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Sand Forest, Gorongosa National Park Loop

Tamarindus indica

Photo: Bart Wursten
Lower slopes Mt Bunga, northwestern Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names: Tamarind (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native or possibly introduced
Description:
Medium to large evergreen tree. Leaves pinnate with up to 18 pairs of leaflets. Flowers in short attractive racemes; sepals creamy-white; petals conspicuously veined with red. Pods curved, sausage-like, constricted around the seeds, not splitting.
Notes: It has been suggested that its origins may be either in Madagascar or in North Africa and Asia, from where it has since been spread throughout the tropics. It was already known in Egypt more than 3000 years ago.
Derivation of specific name: indica: of India although it has also been suggested that it may be native to Madagascar.
Habitat: In woodland and wooded grassland, often along river banks and on termite mounds.
Altitude range: Up to 1000 m
Flowering time:Nov - Mar
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in Tropical Africa and Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Achaea catella (Larval food plant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 11 March 2016
Literature:

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 60 - 62. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 270. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 213.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 44.

Other sources of information about Tamarindus indica:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zambia: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tamarindus indica
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Tamarindus indica

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tamarindus indica
African Plant Database: Tamarindus indica
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tamarindus indica
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tamarindus indica
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Tamarindus indica
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Tamarindus indica
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tamarindus indica
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Tamarindus indica
iNaturalist: Tamarindus indica
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tamarindus indica
JSTOR Plant Science: Tamarindus indica
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Tamarindus indica
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tamarindus indica
Plants of the World Online: Tamarindus indica
The Plant List (version 1.1): Tamarindus indica
Tropicos: Tamarindus indica
Wikipedia: Tamarindus indica


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Tamarindus indica.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=126750, retrieved 26 August 2019

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