Afzelia quanzensis Welw.

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Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Corner of road 1 and 3, Gorongosa National Park

Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu Timber Concession.

Afzelia quanzensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no5A between no1 and Musicadzi River, Gorongosa National Park.

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Synonyms: Intsia quanzensis (Welw.) Kuntze
Pahudia quangensis sensu Eyles
Common names: N'socossa (Sena) Pod mahogany (English)
Frequency: Frequent
Status: Native
Medium-sized to large deciduous tree. Bark greyish-brown, flaking, leaving pale patches. Stipules present. Leaves paripinnate with 4-6 pairs of (sub)opposite leaflets. Leaflets oblong-elliptic, 3-9 cm long, dark green above paler below, leathery; margin entire with a yellow rim. Inflorescence leaf-opposed, racemose, 4-7-flowered. Flowers with a single petal, pinkish-red with yellow veining. Fruit a large flattened pod, thickly woody, 10-17 cm, splitting to reveal large, shiny black seeds with a bright red aril.
Notes: Although not rare (yet) in Mozambique, this tree is very sought-after for its hardwood and unfortunately the most common way to come across large specimens these days is piled up high on the back of lorries on their way to Beira.
Derivation of specific name: Quanzensis: of the Cuanza River, Angola
Habitat: In lowveld woodland and forest.
Altitude range: Up to 1530 m
Flowering time:Jul - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From Somalia to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Charaxes cithaeron cithaeron (Food plant)
Charaxes protoclea azota (Food plant)
Charaxes etesipe tavetensis (Larval foodplant)
Charaxes castor flavifasciatus (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 20 September 2008

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 19.

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 63 - 65. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 238. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 3.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 61 - 65. as Afzelia cuanzensis (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 209. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 174.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 61.

Siebert, S. & Mössmer, M. (Editors) (2002). SABONET Southern Mozambique Expedition 2001; Provisional Plant Checklist of the Maputo Elephant Reserve (MER) and Licuati Forest Reserve (LFR) SABONET News 7(1) Page 26.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Pages 17 - 18. (Includes a picture).

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 90.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 208.

Other sources of information about Afzelia quanzensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Caprivi: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Malawi: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Zambia: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Afzelia quanzensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Afzelia quanzensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Afzelia quanzensis
African Plant Database: Afzelia quanzensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Afzelia quanzensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Afzelia quanzensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Afzelia quanzensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Afzelia quanzensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Afzelia quanzensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Afzelia quanzensis
iNaturalist: Afzelia quanzensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Afzelia quanzensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Afzelia quanzensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Afzelia quanzensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Afzelia quanzensis
Plants of the World Online: Afzelia quanzensis
Tropicos: Afzelia quanzensis
Wikipedia: Afzelia quanzensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Afzelia quanzensis., retrieved 30 March 2023

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