Senna didymobotrya (Fresen.) H.S. Irwin & Barneby

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Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Vumba rd before Westaway

Senna didymobotrya

Photo: Bart Wursten
Svisvi River bridge, Gokwe District.

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Synonyms: Cassia didymobotrya Fresen.
Common names: Peanut butter cassia (English)
Frequency:
Status: Probably introduced
Description:
Shrub, 1-5(-9) m. Stipules broadly ovate-cordate, 8-12 mm wide, acuminate. Leaves foetid, smelling somewhat like peanut butter when crushed, usually 10-30 cm; petiole and rhachis eglandular. Leaflets in 8-18 pairs: lamina 2-6.5 × 0.6-2.5 cm, oblong-elliptic, pubescent; apex rounded to obtuse with a 1-3 mm mucro. Racemes including peduncle, 11-35 cm. Sepals dark brown. Petals 1.8-2.7 cm, bright yellow. Pod 8-12 × 1.5-2.5 cm, flattened.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: A weed of disturbed ground, often to be seen in rural areas.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:All year
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in eastern and southern tropical Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,T
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Literature:

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 46 - 47. (Includes a picture).

Brummitt, R.K., Chikuni, A.C., Lock, J.M. & Polhill, R.M. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Caesalpinioideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(2) Pages 150 - 152. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 265. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 212. as Cassia didymobotrya

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 243. As Cassia didymobotrya

Other sources of information about Senna didymobotrya:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zambia: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: Senna didymobotrya
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Senna didymobotrya

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Senna didymobotrya
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Senna didymobotrya
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Senna didymobotrya
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Senna didymobotrya
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Senna didymobotrya
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Senna didymobotrya
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Senna didymobotrya
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Senna didymobotrya
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Senna didymobotrya
JSTOR Plant Science: Senna didymobotrya
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Senna didymobotrya
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Senna didymobotrya
The Plant List (version 1.1): Senna didymobotrya
Tropicos: Senna didymobotrya


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Senna didymobotrya.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=127050, retrieved 27 May 2019

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