Bolusanthus speciosus (Bolus) Harms

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Bolusanthus speciosus

Photo: Theo van der Merwe
Farm Bokplaas, Inhassoro, on the Temane gasfield

Bolusanthus speciosus

Photo: Theo van der Merwe
Farm Bokplaas, Inhassoro, on the Temane gasfield

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Synonyms: Lonchocarpus speciosus Bolus
Common names: Ncamunha (Sena) Tree wisteria (English)
Status: Native
Small, deciduous tree, often multi-stemmed with drooping foliage. Bark dark, rough and vertically fissured. Leaves imparipinnate with 3-7 pairs of leaflets plus a terminal leaflet; leaflets lanceolate with an asymmetric base, up to 7 cm; midrib and lateral veins yellowish and conspicuous; margin entire or irregularly scalloped. Flowers in striking, pendulous, terminal sprays, blue to deep mauve. Fruit a flat narrow pod up to 7 cm, straw-coloured to grey-black when ripe.
Derivation of specific name: speciosus: showy, good-looking
Habitat: In open woodland and wooded grassland, often with mopane.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Nov
Worldwide distribution: Botswana, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa
Mozambique distribution: MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 29 October 2014

Biegel, H.M. (1977). Check-list of ornamental plants used in Rhodesian parks and gardens. Rhodesia Agricultural Journal. Research Report No. 3. Page 29.

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 35 - 37. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 286. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 9.

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 6.

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 313 - 316. (Includes a picture).

Davies, H.F. (Undated). Alphabetical Catalogue of Plants growing in the gardens of Ewanrigg National Park, Arcturus. [Possibly not published (typed only)] Page 5.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 217.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 244.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 62.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 22.

Other sources of information about Bolusanthus speciosus:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Bolusanthus speciosus
Flora of Malawi: Bolusanthus speciosus
Flora of Zambia: Bolusanthus speciosus
Flora of Zimbabwe: Bolusanthus speciosus
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Bolusanthus speciosus

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Bolusanthus speciosus
African Plant Database: Bolusanthus speciosus
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Bolusanthus speciosus
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Bolusanthus speciosus
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Bolusanthus speciosus
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Bolusanthus speciosus
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Bolusanthus speciosus
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Bolusanthus speciosus
iNaturalist: Bolusanthus speciosus
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Bolusanthus speciosus
JSTOR Plant Science: Bolusanthus speciosus
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Bolusanthus speciosus
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Bolusanthus speciosus
Plants of the World Online: Bolusanthus speciosus
Tropicos: Bolusanthus speciosus
Wikipedia: Bolusanthus speciosus

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Bolusanthus speciosus., retrieved 23 March 2023

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