Tephrosia villosa (L.) Pers.
subsp. ehrenbergiana (Schweinf.) Brummitt
var. ehrenbergiana

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Synonyms: Tephrosia appolinia sensu Klotzsch
Tephrosia ehrenbergiana Schweinf.
Common names:
Status: Native
Annual or short-lived perennial, 30-140 cm high, often woody in the lower parts. Stems densely covered in spreading, appressed or deflexed hairs (brown in this variety). Leaves pinnate with 4-10 pairs of leaflets; leaflets, oblanceolate to almost elliptic, up to c. 4 cm long, more or less densely covered with fine appressed hairs above; densely silvery-greyish appressed hairy beneath. Stipules linear-triangular, 4-11 mm long. Flowers in fairly lax, terminal and leaf-opposed racemes up to 20 cm long; bracts 2-5 mm long, densely pubescent. Calyx densely hairy, teeth longer than the tube, lowermost 4-6 times as long. Petals 12-17 mm long, more or less purple. Pod 30-54 mm long, markedly curved upwards in the apical third, densely hairy.
Notes: See var. daviesii for comparison.
Derivation of specific name: villosa: densely covered in long hairs, villose.
ehrenbergiana: after Christian Gottfried Ehrenberg (1795-1876), German naturalist, zoologist, comparative anatomist, geologist and microscopist.
Habitat: Sandy soils in grassland, often in disturbed habitats.
Altitude range: 50 - 750 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Angola, Namibia and Limpopo, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,T
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 134 - 136. (Includes a picture).

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 73.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 228.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 52.

Other sources of information about Tephrosia villosa subsp. ehrenbergiana var. ehrenbergiana:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Tephrosia villosa subsp. ehrenbergiana var. ehrenbergiana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Tephrosia villosa subsp. ehrenbergiana var. ehrenbergiana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Tephrosia villosa
African Plant Database: Tephrosia villosa
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Tephrosia villosa
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Tephrosia villosa
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Tephrosia villosa
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Tephrosia villosa
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Tephrosia villosa
JSTOR Plant Science: Tephrosia villosa
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Tephrosia villosa
Plants of the World Online: Tephrosia villosa
Tropicos: Tephrosia villosa
Wikipedia: Tephrosia villosa

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Tephrosia villosa subsp. ehrenbergiana var. ehrenbergiana.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=130030, retrieved 22 April 2024

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