Arachis hypogaea L.

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Arachis hypogaea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Outside Campus ISPM, Chimoio

Arachis hypogaea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Outside Campus ISPM, Chimoio

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Common names: Ground-nut (English) Monkey nut (English) Peanut (English)
Status: Introduced
Annual herb, erect or straggling, up to 30 cm. Leaves 4-foliolate with obovate to elliptic leaflets. Flowers axillary, solitary on stalks, yellow with red veins, often partly underground. Fruits, the well-known ground nut or peanut, irregularly oblong, up to 2 cm, maturing underground.
Derivation of specific name: hypogaea: underground, subterranean
Habitat: In disturbed ground, less often in more native habitats such as a seepage zone.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Native to South America but widely cultivated throughout the tropics
Mozambique distribution: N,T,M
Growth form(s): Annual.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 11 October 2008

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 46.

Verdcourt, B. (2000). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(6) Pages 169 - 170. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Arachis hypogaea:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Arachis hypogaea
Flora of Zambia: cultivated Arachis hypogaea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Arachis hypogaea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Arachis hypogaea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Arachis hypogaea
African Plant Database: Arachis hypogaea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Arachis hypogaea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Arachis hypogaea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Arachis hypogaea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Arachis hypogaea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Arachis hypogaea
JSTOR Plant Science: Arachis hypogaea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Arachis hypogaea
Plants of the World Online: Arachis hypogaea
Tropicos: Arachis hypogaea
Wikipedia: Arachis hypogaea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Arachis hypogaea., retrieved 1 March 2024

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