Pterocarpus angolensis DC.

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Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Road to Buye Rotanda, Mozambique

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Road to Buye Rotanda, Mozambique

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhascuvo Ranger Camp, Gorongosa National Park

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12

Pterocarpus angolensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhago Camp, Coutada 12

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Pterocarpus erinaceus sensu auct.
Common names: Bloodwood (English) Mucambira (Sena) Mukwa (English) Umbila (Portuguese) Umbila (Sena)
Status: Native
Medium to large deciduous tree. Bark dark grey to brown, rough and fissured. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-9 pairs of alternate to subopposite leaflets; leaflets elliptic-lanceolate to obovate, 2.5-7 cm, dark green above, paler below, hairy when young; apex tapering to a bristle-like tip. Flowers in large, branched sprays, orange-yellow, appearing before the leaves. Fruit a very distinctive circular pod, covered in long bristles over the seed case and surrounded by a large membranous wing.
Notes: Trees are sought after for the durable hardwood, called mukwa, and large specimens are becoming rare.
Derivation of specific name: angolensis: of Angola
Habitat: On well drained soils in grassland and woodland.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Aug - Dec
Worldwide distribution: D.R. Congo, Tanzania, Mozambique, Malawi, Zimbabwe, Zambia, South Africa, Botswana, Namibia, Angola
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Monday 2 May 2016

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. and Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 52 - 55. (Includes a picture).

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Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 30.

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Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 45.

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 238 - 239. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 246.

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 92 - 93. (Includes a picture).

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Namibia Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 68.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 174.

Jacobsen, W.B.G. (1967). The influence of copper content of the soil on trees and shrubs of Molly South Hill, Mangula Kirkia 6(1) Pages 63 - 84.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 146 - 149. (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 71.

Smith, P. & Allen, Q. (2004). Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of the Miombo Woodlands Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew ISBN 1 84246 073 0 Pages 132 - 133. (Includes a picture).

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 26. as Pterocarpus erinaceus

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 74.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Pterocarpus angolensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Caprivi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Malawi: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Zambia: Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora of Zimbabwe: Pterocarpus angolensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Pterocarpus angolensis
African Plant Database: Pterocarpus angolensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Pterocarpus angolensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Pterocarpus angolensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Pterocarpus angolensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Pterocarpus angolensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Pterocarpus angolensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Pterocarpus angolensis
iNaturalist: Pterocarpus angolensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Pterocarpus angolensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Pterocarpus angolensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Pterocarpus angolensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Pterocarpus angolensis
Plants of the World Online: Pterocarpus angolensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Pterocarpus angolensis
Tropicos: Pterocarpus angolensis
Wikipedia: Pterocarpus angolensis

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Pterocarpus angolensis., retrieved 1 October 2020

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