Philenoptera violacea (Klotzsch) Schrire

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Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
At junction of road no1 and no3, Gorongosa National Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road from entrance gate near Chitengo, Gorongosa national Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhanvu bridge along road from entrance gate to Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

Philenoptera violacea

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo Camp, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Capassa violacea Klotzsch
Derris violacea (Klotzsch) Harms
Lonchocarpus capassa Rolfe
Lonchocarpus philenoptera Benth.
Lonchocarpus violaceus (Klotzsch) Baker f.
Common names: Apple-leaf (English) Rain-tree (English)
Frequency: Common
Status: Native
Medium-sized semi-deciduous tree. bark light grey, typically flaking in older trees. Leaves imparipinnate with 1-3 pairs of leaflets and a terminal leaflet; leaflets oblong to ovate, 4-10 cm, terminal leaflet much larger, up to 15 cm, glossy green above, paler grey-green below, Flowers in pendulous sprays, mauve, sweetly scented. Pods flat, velvety, up to 15 cm, tapering to a point at both ends, grey brown when ripe, indehiscent
Notes: This species is a "rain tree", i.e. it may become infested with a spittle-bug which causes apparent rain to fall from the tree. Further information about this phenomenon may be found in Note 20.
Derivation of specific name: violacea: violet-coloured
Habitat: On alluvial soils in woodland, usually near rivers.
Altitude range: Up to 1400 m
Flowering time:Sep - Nov
Worldwide distribution: From DRC and Tanzania to northern Namibia and Eswatini
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species: Coeliades forestan forestan (Food plant)
Ptyelus grossus (Food plant of larvae and nymphs)
Abantis paradisea (Larval foodplant)
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 19 August 2012

Brummitt, R.K., Harder, D.K., Lewis, G.P., Lock, J.M., Polhill, R.M. & Verdcourt, B. (2007). Leguminosae Subfamily Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(3) Pages 96 - 98. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 325. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 37. As Lonchocarpus capassa

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 324 - 328. as Lonchocarpus capassa (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 244 - 245. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 223. as Lonchocarpus capassa

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Lonchocarpus capassa

Drummond, R.B. (1981). Common Trees of the Central Watershed Woodlands of Zimbabwe. Natural Resources Board, Harare. Pages 96 - 97. as Lonchocarpus capassa (Includes a picture).

Heath, A. & Heath, R. (2009). Field Guide to the Plants of Northern Botswana including the Okavango Delta Kew Publishing Page 53. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 50.

Roodt, V. (1998). Trees and Shrubs of the Okavango Delta Shell Field Guide Series: Part I Shell Oil Botswana, Gaberone. Pages 140 - 142. as Lonchocarpus capassa (Includes a picture).

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 70.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 25. as Lonchocarpus capassa

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 213.

Other sources of information about Philenoptera violacea:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Philenoptera violacea
Flora of Caprivi: Philenoptera violacea
Flora of Malawi: Philenoptera violacea
Flora of Zambia: Philenoptera violacea
Flora of Zimbabwe: Philenoptera violacea
Flora of Zimbabwe: cultivated Philenoptera violacea

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Philenoptera violacea
African Plant Database: Philenoptera violacea
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Philenoptera violacea
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Philenoptera violacea
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Philenoptera violacea
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Philenoptera violacea
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Philenoptera violacea
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Philenoptera violacea
iNaturalist: Philenoptera violacea
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Philenoptera violacea
JSTOR Plant Science: Philenoptera violacea
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Philenoptera violacea
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Philenoptera violacea
Plants of the World Online: Philenoptera violacea
Tropicos: Philenoptera violacea
Wikipedia: Philenoptera violacea

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Philenoptera violacea., retrieved 22 March 2023

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