Rhynchosia clivorum S. Moore
subsp. pycnantha (Harms) Verdc.

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Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

Photo: Stefaan Dondeyne
Tsetsera, Mozambique

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Flemingia macrocalyx Baker f.
Rhynchosia pycnantha Harms
Common names: Mountain rhychosia (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or sometimes a small tree, 1-4 m tall. Bark smooth, dark greyish or reddish-brown; younger parts densely covered in long tawny hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets round, oblong-elliptic to narrowly ovate, 2.5-11cm long, covered in velvety hairs on both surfaces, more densely so on young leaves, surface wrinkled above, net-veining conspicuous beneath and dotted with glands; stipules large and conspicuous, sheath-like, reddish-brown. Inflorescences dense, terminal, c. 4-6 cm long, most parts covered in long silvery hairs. Flowers bright yellow to greenish-yellow; standard often streaked maroon outside. Pods flattened, up to 2.5 × 0.8 cm, densely covered in yellowish silky hairs, valves spiralling when splitting.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: Montane grassland, bracken scrub and along forest margins.
Altitude range: 950 - 2200 m
Flowering time:Jul - Sep
Worldwide distribution: DRC, southern Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Limpopo, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: Z,T,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Sunday 4 September 2011

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 167.

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 332. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mugarisanwa, N.H. (2003). Plants of the Matobo District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 31. As Rhynchosia clivorum clivorum

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 29. As Rhynchosia clivorum

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 225. as Rhynchosia clivorum

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 247. As Rhynchosia clivorum

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 178 - 179.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 51.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 102.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha
Flora of Zambia: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha
Flora of Zimbabwe: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Rhynchosia clivorum
African Plant Database: Rhynchosia clivorum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Rhynchosia clivorum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Rhynchosia clivorum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Rhynchosia clivorum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Rhynchosia clivorum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Rhynchosia clivorum
JSTOR Plant Science: Rhynchosia clivorum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Rhynchosia clivorum
Plants of the World Online: Rhynchosia clivorum
Tropicos: Rhynchosia clivorum
Wikipedia: Rhynchosia clivorum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Rhynchosia clivorum subsp. pycnantha.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=131660, retrieved 19 May 2024

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