Eriosema buchananii Baker f.
var. buchananii

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Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa.

Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau below Nhandore Peak, Mt Gorongosa.

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Synonyms: Eriosema richardii Baker f. & Haydon var. ovatum Staner & De Craene
Common names:
Frequency: Locally frequent
Status: Native
Shrubby perennial herb, 50-150 cm high, growing from a woody rootstock. Stems more or less erect, densely covered in spreading yellowish hairs. Leaves mostly 3-foliolate; leaflets 1-9 cm long, ovate-lanceolate to almost round; lateral leaflets often obliquely elliptic, appresed woolly hairy above and on the raised veins beneath, also often with scattered small orange glands; petiole 2-10 mm long. Stipules 8-18 mm long, ovate to onlong-lanceolate, often falcate, hairy and closely veined. Flowers in axillary racemes 2-9 cm long on peduncles up to 20 cm long, densely covered in spreading yellowish-brown hairs. Calyx 5-6 mm long, dark-purplish, covered in spreading woolly hairs and dotted with glands. Standard 8-13 mm long oblong, cream, pink or white and purple, often lined with purple, rarely yellow; wings white or cream; keel greenish-brown. Pods broadly ovate-oblong, 12-14 mm long, covered in long hairs, short hairs and glands.
Notes: The variety is upheld here since we agree with Burrows & Willis (Sabonet Report 31: 159, 2005) to maintain very distinctly prostrate var. subprostratum Verdc. from Southern Tanzania and northern Malawi.
Derivation of specific name: buchananii: after John Buchanan (1855 – 1896), Scottish horticulturist, missionary, farmer and plant collector in Malawi, who became Acting British Consul to Central Africa.
Habitat: Montane grassland, swampy grassland and streamsides.
Altitude range: 1590 - 2300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe and Mpumalanga, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 3 August 2013

Baumann, G. (2005). Photographic Guide to Wildflowers of Malawi Wildlife and Environmental Society of Malawi Pages 30 - 31. (Includes a picture).

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 159. as Eriosema buchananii buchananii and Eriosema buchananii subprostratum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 68.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Page 223.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 60.

Other sources of information about Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii:

Our websites:

Flora of Malawi: Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii
Flora of Zambia: Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema buchananii
African Plant Database: Eriosema buchananii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema buchananii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema buchananii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema buchananii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema buchananii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema buchananii
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema buchananii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema buchananii
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema buchananii
Tropicos: Eriosema buchananii
Wikipedia: Eriosema buchananii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eriosema buchananii var. buchananii., retrieved 5 December 2023

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