Eriosema montanum Baker f.

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Eriosema montanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Muqueche River, Road to Mt Namuli, Serra de Gurue.

Eriosema montanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Muqueche River, Road to Mt Namuli, Serra de Gurue.

Eriosema montanum

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near Muqueche River, Road to Mt Namuli, Serra de Gurue.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names:
Status: Native
Perennial shrubby herb, up to 2 m tall. Branches pubescent to densely shaggy with rusty hairs. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets ovate, obovate-elliptic or elliptic to oblong-lanceolate, 2–13 cm long, usually pointed at the apex, softly velvety and with orange glands on both surfaces; venation sometimes raised beneath; petiole 1–3.4.5 cm long; petiolules 1–4 mm long; stipules lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, up to 2.5 cm long, hairy outside. Racemes with flowering part 2–7 cm long; peduncle (0.5)4–18(21) cm long, ferruginous hairy; pedicels c. 1–1.5 mm long; bracts soon falling, 0.7–1.4 cm long, linear, pilose. Calyx pubescent with appressed or spreading hairs, 4.5–5.5 mm long; lobes triangular, shorter than or about equalling the tube. Standard yellow, flushed or veined with red or purple-brown, obovate, 6.5–13 mm long, with orange-yellow glands; wings yellow; keel greenish-yellow or white sometimes tipped with brown, glandular. Pods elliptic to oblong, 1–1.7 cm long, covered with long ferruginous hairs and also an undercover of fine pubescence and glands.
Derivation of specific name: montanum: of mountainous areas (montane)
Habitat: Along forest margins and in bracken scrub, by dambos, and grassland by lakes.
Altitude range: 960 - 2290 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: From Nigeria to Ethiopia, DRC, Uganda, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia Zimbabwe and Angola.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 28 September 2018

Burrows, J.E. & Willis, C.K. (eds) (2005). Plants of the Nyika Plateau Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 31 SABONET, Pretoria Page 159.

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25. As Eriosema montanum montanum

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 68.

Dowsett-Lemaire, F. (1989). The flora and phytogeography of the evergreen forests of Malawi. I: Afromontane and mid-altitude forests; Bull. Jard. Bot. Nat. Belg. 59(1/2) Page 28.

Drummond, R.B. (1972). A list of Rhodesian Legumes. Kirkia 8(2) Page 220.

Mackinder, B. et al. (2001). Papilionoideae Flora Zambesiaca 3(5) Pages 225 - 226.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 48.

Phiri, P.S.M. (2005). A Checklist of Zambian Vascular Plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 32 Page 60.

Strugnell, A.M. (2006). A Checklist of the Spermatophytes of Mount Mulanje, Malawi Scripta Botanica Belgica 34 National Botanic Garden of Belgium Page 99.

Wursten, B., Timberlake, J. & Darbyshire, I. (2017). The Chimanimani Mountains: an updated checklist. Kirkia 19(1) Page 94.

Other sources of information about Eriosema montanum:

Our websites:

Flora of Caprivi: cultivated Eriosema montanum
Flora of Malawi: Eriosema montanum
Flora of Zambia: Eriosema montanum
Flora of Zimbabwe: Eriosema montanum

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Eriosema montanum
African Plant Database: Eriosema montanum
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Eriosema montanum
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Eriosema montanum
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Eriosema montanum
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Eriosema montanum
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Eriosema montanum
JSTOR Plant Science: Eriosema montanum
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Eriosema montanum
Plants of the World Online: Eriosema montanum
Tropicos: Eriosema montanum
Wikipedia: Eriosema montanum

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Eriosema montanum., retrieved 10 December 2023

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