Balanites maughamii Sprague

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Balanites maughamii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along trail near Mpingue, Catapu, Sofala

Balanites maughamii

Photo: Meg Coates Palgrave
Catapu, Sofala.

Balanites maughamii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Inhamitanga Forest

Balanites maughamii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Southern margin of Inhamitanga Forest near railway line, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

Balanites maughamii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Southern margin of Inhamitanga Forest near railway line, Coutada 12, Cheringoma

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Common names: Green-thorn (English) Y-thorned torchwood (English)
Status: Native
Medium-sized to tall deciduous tree, large specimens often with a fluted trunk. Branches distinctly zig-zagging, armed with green forked spines. Leaves 2-foliolate; leaflets asymmetrical ovate to almost round, dark grey-green, leathery, velvety when young; margin entire. Flowers in axillary clusters on mostly unarmed branches, c. 2 cm in diameter, yellowish-green; petals densely hairy on the outside. Fruit date-like, grooved along the length, yellowish when ripe, edible and rich in oil.
Derivation of specific name: maughamii: named after a Mr Maugham who collected the type in southern Mozambique.
Habitat: A species of dry open woodland, riverine fringes, sand forest and around springs and edges of pans.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Oct
Worldwide distribution: From Tanzania to KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 11 May 2018

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Page 256.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248.

Launert, E. (1963). Balanitaceae Flora Zambesiaca 2(1) Pages 221 - 223. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 29.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 39.

Other sources of information about Balanites maughamii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Caprivi: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Malawi: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Zambia: Balanites maughamii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Balanites maughamii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Balanites maughamii
African Plant Database: Balanites maughamii
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Balanites maughamii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Balanites maughamii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Balanites maughamii
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Balanites maughamii
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Balanites maughamii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Balanites maughamii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Balanites maughamii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Balanites maughamii
JSTOR Plant Science: Balanites maughamii
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Balanites maughamii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Balanites maughamii
The Plant List (version 1.1): Balanites maughamii
Tropicos: Balanites maughamii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-18

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2018). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Balanites maughamii., retrieved 22 May 2018

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