Zanthoxylum leprieurii Guill. & Perr.

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Zanthoxylum leprieurii

Photo: Fraser Gear
Sandforest loop, Gorongosa National Park

Zanthoxylum leprieurii

Photo: Fraser Gear
Sandforest loop, Gorongosa National Park

Zanthoxylum leprieurii

Photo: Fraser Gear
Sandforest loop, Gorongosa National Park

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Synonyms: Fagara leprieurii (Guill. &  Perr.) Engl.
Common names: Sand knobwood (English)
Status: Native
Small to large tree. Stems pale grey, armed with spiny bosses; branches armed with straight or curved spines. Leaves imparipinnate with 5-8 pairs of opposite leaflets and a terminal leaflets; leaflets elliptic to narrowly ovate, up to 7.5 cm, lower pair smallest, glossy green above, paler below, translucent gland-dots present; margin finely and obscurely toothed or scalloped. rhachis with small prickles. Flowers in branched terminal sprays, creamy-white, unisexual on different trees. Fruit in pendulous trusses, spherical, 5 mm in diameter, orange to red, single seeded.
Derivation of specific name: leprieurii: named after Francois Leprieur (1799-1869), French navy pharmacist, who collected in Senegal.
Habitat: On alluvial soils in hot, dry river valleys near pans, on termite mounds and in the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Tropical Africa to Mozambique, Zimbabwe, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 18 March 2016

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 362. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 412.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 248. As Fagara leprieurii

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 75.

Schmidt, E., Lötter, M. & McCleland, W. (2002). Trees and shrubs of Mpumalanga and Kruger National Park Jacana, Johannesburg, South Africa Pages 240 - 241. (Includes a picture).

Van Wyk, B. & Van Wyk, P. (1997). Field Guide to Trees of Southern Africa. Struik, South Africa Pages 442 - 443. (Includes a picture).

Other sources of information about Zanthoxylum leprieurii:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Zanthoxylum leprieurii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Zanthoxylum leprieurii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Zanthoxylum leprieurii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Zanthoxylum leprieurii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Zanthoxylum leprieurii
JSTOR Plant Science: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Plants of the World Online: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Tropicos: Zanthoxylum leprieurii
Wikipedia: Zanthoxylum leprieurii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-24

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2024). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Zanthoxylum leprieurii., retrieved 17 June 2024

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