Commiphora africana (A. Rich.) Engl.[Agg]

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Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Chitengo, Gorongosa National Park.

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bué Maria, Nhambita

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Bué Maria, Nhambita

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no. 11 near Chitengo gate, Gorongosa National Park.

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road no. 11 near Chitengo gate, Gorongosa National Park.

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

Commiphora africana

Photo: Bart Wursten
Nhahomba area, Chimanimani National Reserve

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Commiphora pilosa (Engl.) Engl.
Common names: Poison-grub commiphora (English) Poison-grub corkwood (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree. Bark grey-green, flaking, exuding pale gum where damaged. Leaves 3-foliolate; leaflets obovate, terminal leaflet at least twice the size of lateral leaflets, covered in fine velvety hairs on both surfaces; margin scalloped. Flowers small, in axillary clusters, reddish green. Fruit almost spherical, red when ripe.
Notes: Notes:
(a) two varieties have been recorded: var. africana and var. rubriflora(Engl.) Wild.
(b) C. africana is similar to Commiphora schimperi which has hairless, glossy leaflets.
Derivation of specific name: africana: African
Habitat: In dry bush and woodland, often in rocky places.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct
Worldwide distribution: Widespread in tropical Africa, Namibia and northern South Africa
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,T,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 3 August 2019
Literature:

Coates Palgrave, K. et al. (1956). Trees of Central Africa National Publications Trust, Salisbury. Pages 58 - 60. as Commiphora pilosa (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave, M. (1989). Guide to the trees and shrubs of the Mukuvisi Woodlands ?publisher. Page 39.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 31. as both varieties

Shone, D.K. & Drummond, R.B. (1965). Poisonous Plants of Rhodesia Ministry of Agriculture, Rhodesia Page 59.

Steedman, E.C. (1933). Some Trees, Shrubs and Lianes of Southern Rhodesia. Page 31. as Commiphora pilosa

Other sources of information about Commiphora africana:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Commiphora africana
Flora of Zimbabwe: Commiphora africana

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Commiphora africana
African Plant Database: Commiphora africana
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Commiphora africana
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Commiphora africana
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Commiphora africana
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Commiphora africana
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Commiphora africana
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Commiphora africana
iNaturalist: Commiphora africana
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Commiphora africana
JSTOR Plant Science: Commiphora africana
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Commiphora africana
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Commiphora africana
Plants of the World Online: Commiphora africana
The Plant List (version 1.1): Commiphora africana
Tropicos: Commiphora africana
Wikipedia: Commiphora africana


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Commiphora africana.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=133260, retrieved 14 November 2019

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