Croton menyharthii Pax

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Croton menyharthii

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma.

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Synonyms: Argyrodendron bicolor Klotzsch
Croton kwebensis N.E. Br.
Common names: Rough-leaved croton (English)
Status: Native
Shrub or small tree, up to 4 m tall. Bark brownish-grey; branchlets covered with pale whitish to yellowish hairy scales. Leaves alternate, elliptic to lanceolate, up to 9.5 cm long cm, yellowish-green above with a rough surface of sparse stellate hairs, densely covered in white to yellowish hairy scales below, with two small glands next to the petiole; margin entire. Flowers in short terminal spikes, unisexual, usually on the same tree, pale yellowish-green, c. 4 mm in diameter. Fruit a 3-lobed capsule, c. 6 mm in diameter, covered in greyish to yellowish scales and often with scattered black dots.
Derivation of specific name: menyharthii: after Lászlò Menyhárth, 1849–1897, Austro-Hungarian missionary and plant collector.
Habitat: Occurring in dense riverine thickets, on rocky outcrops and in dry woodland with Acacia, Mopane, Combretum, Dichrostachys and Terminalia.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Sep - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Angola, Botswana, Namibia, Ethiopia, Somalia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Eswatini and Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal, South Africa.
Mozambique distribution: T,MS,M
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Tuesday 28 December 2010

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 442. (Includes a picture).

Curtis, B.A. & Mannheimer, C.A. (2005). Tree Atlas of Namibia National Botanic Research Institute, Windhoek Pages 330 - 331. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252. As Croton menyhartii

Mannheimer, C. & Curtis B. (2009). Le Roux and Müller's Field Guide to the Trees and Shrubs of Namibia Macmillan Education, Windhoek, Namibia. Pages 258 - 259. (Includes a picture).

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 278 - 279.

Setshogo, M.P. (2005). Preliminary checklist of the plants of Botswana. Sabonet Report no. 37. Sabonet, Pretoria and Gaborone Page 56.

Timberlake, J.R. & Childes, S.L. (2004). Biodiversity of the Four Corners Area: Technical Reviews Volume Two (Chapter 5-15) Appendix 5-1: Plant Checklist Occasional Publications in Biodiversity 15 Page 207.

Other sources of information about Croton menyharthii:

Our websites:

Flora of Botswana: Croton menyharthii
Flora of Caprivi: Croton menyharthii
Flora of Malawi: Croton menyharthii
Flora of Zambia: Croton menyharthii
Flora of Zimbabwe: Croton menyharthii

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Croton menyharthii
African Plant Database: Croton menyharthii
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Croton menyharthii
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Croton menyharthii
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Croton menyharthii
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
iNaturalist: Croton menyharthii
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Croton menyharthii
JSTOR Plant Science: Croton menyharthii
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Croton menyharthii
Plants of the World Online: Croton menyharthii
Tropicos: Croton menyharthii
Wikipedia: Croton menyharthii

Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-23

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2023). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Croton menyharthii., retrieved 5 December 2023

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