Erythrococca polyandra (Pax & K. Hoffm.) Prain

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Erythrococca polyandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Tsetsera, Manica

Erythrococca polyandra

Photo: Bart Wursten
Mt Tsetsera, Manica

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Synonyms: Claoxylon polyandrum Pax & K. Hoffm
Common names: Forest red-berry (English)
Frequency:
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with long arching branches. Leaves alternate, elliptic to ovate, up to 13 × 7 cm, thinly textured dark green, sometimes purple-tinged, hairless except for sparse hairs on the veins when young, single-veined from the base; apex with a long driptip; base rounded with several small orange glands; margin with shallow, irregular glandular teeth. Flowers unisexual on different trees small, greenish; female flowers in few-flowered axillary clusters on peduncles up to 3 cm long; male flowers in very slender few-flowered racemes. Fruit 2-lobed, 5-9 mm in diameter, drying purplish, dehiscent. Seeds covered in an orange-red aril.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In the understorey of evergreen forest.
Altitude range:
Flowering time:Oct - Dec
Worldwide distribution: Equatorial Guinea, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: Z,MS
Growth form(s): Tree, shrub over 2 m.
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Friday 2 May 2008
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 446. (Includes a picture).

Chapano, C. & Mamuto, M. (2003). Plants of the Chimanimani District National Herbarium and Botanic Garden, Zimbabwe Page 25.

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 503. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 41.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 173 - 174.

Timberlake, J.R., Bayliss, J., Dowsett-Lemaire, F., Congdon, C., Branch, B., Collins, S., Curran, M., Dowsett, R,J., Fishpool, L., Francisco, J., Harris, Kopp, M. & de Sousa, C. (2012). Mt Mabu, Mozambique: Biodiversity and Conservation Report produced under the Darwin Initiative Award 15/036. Royal Botanic Gardens, Kew, London Page 73.

Other sources of information about Erythrococca polyandra:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Erythrococca polyandra

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Erythrococca polyandra
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Erythrococca polyandra
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Erythrococca polyandra
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Erythrococca polyandra
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Erythrococca polyandra
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Erythrococca polyandra
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Erythrococca polyandra
iNaturalist: Erythrococca polyandra
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Erythrococca polyandra
JSTOR Plant Science: Erythrococca polyandra
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Erythrococca polyandra
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Erythrococca polyandra
Plants of the World Online: Erythrococca polyandra
Tropicos: Erythrococca polyandra
Wikipedia: Erythrococca polyandra


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-20

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2020). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Erythrococca polyandra.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=134890, retrieved 4 December 2020

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