Acalypha acrogyna Pax

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Acalypha acrogyna

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near base of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Acalypha acrogyna

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near base of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Acalypha acrogyna

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near base of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

Acalypha acrogyna

Photo: Bart Wursten
Near base of Mt Bunga, Gorongosa National Park.

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms:
Common names:
Frequency: Rare
Status: Native
Description:
Unarmed, much-branched scrambling shrub up to 3 m tall. Bark of smaller branchlets brownish and finely velvety when young. Leaves elliptic-ovate to elliptic-lanceolate, mostly 1.5-6 cm long, obtusely acuminate at the apex, rounded or cordate at the base, 3-5-veined from the base, sparsely pubescent,mainly on midrib and veins beneath and with tufts of hairs in the axils; margin crenate-serrate or almost entire; petiole mostly 2-5 mm long. Stipules narrowly triangular-lanceolate, 2-3 mm long, sparsely pubescent. Inflorescences unbranched, up to 7 cm long, usually on dwarf side branchlets, flowers mostly male with 1-3 female flowers at the top. Fruit somewhat, 3-lobed, up to 4 mm wide, sparsely pubescent and echinate.
Notes: Apart from one uncertain record cited in Flora Zambesiaca volume 9-4: 199 (1996) this species has only recently been recorded from Mozambique. Only two species of Acalypha in Mozambique have inflorescences with female flowers at the top and male flowers below. A. acrogyna differs from A. sonderiana by its unarmed habit, slender branchlets with brownish bark and more acominate leaves.
Derivation of specific name:
Habitat: In understorey of riverine and lake shore evergreen forest.
Altitude range: 70 - 1200 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Ethiopia, Sudan, Uganda, eastern DRC, Tanzania, Mozambique, Zambia and Zimbabwe.
Mozambique distribution: MS
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Saturday 7 January 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 427. (Includes a picture).

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 252.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 40.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Pages 198 - 199.

Other sources of information about Acalypha acrogyna:

Our websites:

Flora of Zambia: Acalypha acrogyna
Flora of Zimbabwe: Acalypha acrogyna

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Acalypha acrogyna
African Plant Database: Acalypha acrogyna
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Acalypha acrogyna
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Acalypha acrogyna
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Acalypha acrogyna
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Acalypha acrogyna
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Acalypha acrogyna
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Acalypha acrogyna
iNaturalist: Acalypha acrogyna
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Acalypha acrogyna
JSTOR Plant Science: Acalypha acrogyna
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Acalypha acrogyna
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Acalypha acrogyna
Plants of the World Online: Acalypha acrogyna
The Plant List (version 1.1): Acalypha acrogyna
Tropicos: Acalypha acrogyna
Wikipedia: Acalypha acrogyna


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Acalypha acrogyna.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135010, retrieved 7 December 2019

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