Suregada zanzibariensis Baill.

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Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Plateau above Nhagutua Gorge, Gorongosa National Park, Cheringoma

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

Suregada zanzibariensis

Photo: Bart Wursten
Along road on plateau above Khodzue Gorge

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Species details: Click on each item to see an explanation of that item (Note: opens a new window)

Synonyms: Gelonium adenophorum sensu Sim
Gelonium serratum Pax & K. Hoffm.
Gelonium zanzibariense (Baill.) Müll. Arg.
Common names: Sand Canary-berry (English)
Frequency: Occasional
Status: Native
Description:
Shrub or small tree with horizontal branches, all parts hairless. Bark grey, smooth but often with fine longitudinal markings. Leaves alternate, obovate to elliptic-oblanceolate up to 13 cm long, leathery, dark green above with distinct small pustules in the centre of the reticulation cells; much paler yellowish-green beneath; apex abruptly pointed; margin entire or with very fine sharp teeth; petiole 3-7 mm long. Stipules triangular-ovate, c. 1 mm long. Flowers unisexual, usually on different trees in small leaf-opposed clusters, small, greenish to creamy-white with yellowish glands on the outside of the sepals. Fruit subglobose or 3-lobed, 7-8 mm long, smooth, green.
Notes:
Derivation of specific name: zanzibariensis: of Zanzibar
Habitat: In low-altitude Brachystegia woodland, Androstachys woodland, coastal and riverine forest, on sandy soils and also in salt marshes.
Altitude range: 0 - 300 m
Flowering time:
Worldwide distribution: Somalia,Kenya,Tanzania,Zanzibar, Pemba, Mozambique, Zimbabwe, KwaZulu-Natal South Africa and Madagascar.
Mozambique distribution: N,Z,MS,GI,M
Growth form(s):
Endemic status:
Red data list status:
Insects associated with this species:
Spot characters: Display spot characters for this species
Content last updated: Wednesday 7 June 2017
Literature:

Burrows, J.E., Burrows, S.M., Lötter, M.C. & Schmidt, E. (2018). Trees and Shrubs Mozambique Publishing Print Matters (Pty), Cape Town. Page 470. (Includes a picture).

Coates Palgrave K. (revised and updated by Meg Coates Palgrave) (2002). Trees of Southern Africa 3rd edition. Struik, South Africa Page 517.

Da Silva, M.C., Izidine, S. & Amude, A.B. (2004). A preliminary checklist of the vascular plants of Mozambique. Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 30 Sabonet, Pretoria Page 58.

Drummond, R.B. (1975). A list of trees, shrubs and woody climbers indigenous or naturalised in Rhodesia. Kirkia 10(1) Page 253.

Golding, J.S. (ed.) (2002). Zimbabwe Plant Red Data List. Southern African Plant Red Data Lists. SABONET 14 Page 165.

Mapaura, A. & Timberlake, J. (eds) (2004). A checklist of Zimbabwean vascular plants Southern African Botanical Diversity Network Report No. 33 Sabonet, Pretoria and Harare Page 43.

Radcliffe-Smith, A. (1996). Euphorbiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 9(4) Page 250.

Other sources of information about Suregada zanzibariensis:

Our websites:

Flora of Zimbabwe: Suregada zanzibariensis

External websites:

African Plants: A Photo Guide (Senckenberg): Suregada zanzibariensis
African Plant Database: Suregada zanzibariensis
Biodiversity Explorer (Biodiversity of southern Africa): Suregada zanzibariensis
BHL (Biodiversity Heritage Library): Suregada zanzibariensis
EOL (Encyclopedia of Life): Suregada zanzibariensis
ePIC (electronic Plant Information Center): Suregada zanzibariensis
Flora Zambesiaca web site: Suregada zanzibariensis
GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility): Suregada zanzibariensis
Google: Web - Images - Scholar
GRIN (Germplasm Resources Information Network): Suregada zanzibariensis
IPNI (International Plant Names Index): Suregada zanzibariensis
JSTOR Plant Science: Suregada zanzibariensis
Kew Herbarium catalogue: Suregada zanzibariensis
Mansfeld World Database of Agricultural and Horticultural Crops: Suregada zanzibariensis
The Plant List (version 1.1): Suregada zanzibariensis
Tropicos: Suregada zanzibariensis


Copyright: Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten, Petra Ballings and Meg Coates Palgrave 2007-19

Hyde, M.A., Wursten, B.T., Ballings, P. & Coates Palgrave, M. (2019). Flora of Mozambique: Species information: Suregada zanzibariensis.
https://www.mozambiqueflora.com/speciesdata/species.php?species_id=135670, retrieved 20 July 2019

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